Assessment of the deep oil and gas bearing potential onshore in the west of Azerbaijan (Tarsdallar area)

Keywords: reservoir properties, oil and gas saturation, porosity, permeability, petrophysical models


The Tarsdeller oil and gas field, which has a brachyoanthicline structure, is the most promising area of the oil-gas region (OGR) in the Kura-Gabirri interfluve. Goal: Based on the reservoir characteristics of rock samples obtained from exploration wells drilled in the area adjacent to the field, petrophysical models have been compiled, reflecting the spatial variation in porosity and permeability of oil-containing reservoirs. Objects: Consideration of the petrophysical properties of core samples taken in the study area made it possible to confirm the oil and gas potential of deep-seated reservoirs. Methods: This analyzed the values and variation of petrophysical properties by depth, age and various physical factors. The observed wide range of changes in the reservoir properties of rocks in the study area is mainly due to tectonic changes, lithological heterogeneity of the sedimentary complex, differences in the depth of bedrocks, as well as the complexity of tectonic conditions. As a result, to predict the oil and gas content in deep reservoirs of the same structures, it is advisable to use the methods of exploration geophysics, as well as the results of changes inthe reservoir characteristics of rocks, determined by petrophysical data. At the same time, it is most expedient to focus on the study of Paleogene-Cretaceous tectonics for the search for oil and gas objects using prospecting and exploration (preferably aerial-photo-space) works at the field. Results: Models made in 3D format illustrate the predicted oil and gas potential and patterns of distribution of productive horizons involved in the geological structure of oil and gas deposits, along the depths and stratigraphic units. It is shown that although the permeability of the rocks in the area is low, the porosity values are favorable for the industrial accumulation of hydro-carbons. Fractured carbonate reservoirs of the Upper Cretaceous are the most promising among the Mesozoic sediments in the OGRbetween the Kura and Gabirri rivers. Deep-seated structural uplifts complicated by large-amplitude fractures are recommended as the priority targets for further geological exploration. However, the real potential of the Eocene deposits, which are widespread in the NGR between the Kura and Gabirri rivers, remains unexplored by deep drilling. This is due, on the one hand, to the incomplete opening of the Eocene section in the structures prepared for deep drilling, structural-tectonic and lithofacies features, as well as insufficient knowledge of drilling for oil and gas, and on the other hand, poor development of promising intervals of the section.

Author Biographies

Adalat B. Hasanov
Institute of Oil and Gas of ANAS, Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku
Namat V. Paşayev
Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry, Azerbaijan Republic, Baku
Vagif M. Karimov
Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry, Azerbaijan Republic, Baku
Shura A. Ganbarova
Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry, Azerbaijan Republic, Baku


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How to Cite
Hasanov, A., Paşayev, N., Karimov, V., & Ganbarova, S. (2023). Assessment of the deep oil and gas bearing potential onshore in the west of Azerbaijan (Tarsdallar area). Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 32(1), 36-43.