Lithoecotopes and vegetation of the Left -bank and the Right-bank dumps of the Southern Mining and Processing Plant


Keywords: lithophilic groups, taxonomic composition, phytorecultivation

Abstract

The article clarifies the peculiarities of the development of vegetation that is formed on the rock dumps of the Southern Mining and Processing Plant or their rock components (lithoecotopes), that is, only lithophilic vegetation. The problem of researching lithophilic plant communities from the point of view of forecasting their natural development and optimization is relevant not only for Kryvbas, but also for all industrial areas of open mining, in which significant masses of hard overburden rocks are brought to the surface of the earth. We have defined various lithoecotopes and described plant groups of varying complexity on plateau peaks, terraces and slopes depending on the specifics of their constituent rocks and typological features. Plant lithophilic groups of dumps of the Southern Mining and Processing Plant in accordance with the state of lithoecotopes, including all typological characteristics and geochemical nature of rocks, are marked by significant analytical (floristic and ecomorphic composition, occur- rence, stratification, physiognomy, abundance, coverage) and synthetic (similarity, constancy) differences signs A detailed study of thecondition of plants and their groups in lithoecotopes made it possible to make sure that their distribution and development have clearly defined substrate and relief-exposure dependencies, which can be used in phytotic and phytocenotic improvement of these man-made ecotopes. The natural overgrowth of all dumps has a mixed shrub-tree forest and grassy character in accordance with the typological characteristics and composition of the rocks. It was found that the change of plant communities on the lithoecotopes left without hu- man influence is endoexogenous in nature, because the ecesis external pressure is imposed on intracenotic processes. As a result of such integration, both fluctuations and successions naturally occur against the background of one or another substrate. The occurrence of species, the species and petrophytic capacity of plant communities, and their petrophytic indices in the lithoecotopes of the dumps have discrepancies depending on the specifics of the conditions. In general, the taxonomic composition of the plant communities of the dumps of the Pidennoy GZK of Kryvbas is determined by 218 species belonging to 54 families, 84 species of which are petrophytes.

Author Biographies

Nataliia V. Voroshylova
Dnipro State Agrarian and EconomicUniversity, Dnipro, Ukraine
Valentyna I. Сhorna
Dnipro State Agrarian and EconomicUniversity, Dnipro, Ukraine
Larisa V. Dotsenko
Dnipro State Agrarian and EconomicUniversity, Dnipro, Ukraine
Viktoria V. Katsevych
Dnipro State Agrarian and EconomicUniversity, Dnipro, Ukraine
Tamila V. Ananieva
Dnipro State Agrarian and EconomicUniversity, Dnipro, Ukraine
Kateryna S. Harchenko
Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Dnipro, Ukraine

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Published
2023-01-12
How to Cite
Voroshylova, N., СhornaV., Dotsenko, L., Katsevych, V., Ananieva, T., & Harchenko, K. (2023). Lithoecotopes and vegetation of the Left -bank and the Right-bank dumps of the Southern Mining and Processing Plant. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 31(4), 784-794. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112273