Development of children’s and youth tourism in the modern social space of Kazakhstan


  • Aigul M. Sergeyeva
  • Akzhunus G. Abdullina
  • Assem Y. Albekova
  • Gulnur Zh. Shumakova
Keywords: children’s and youth tourism, Kazakhstan, children’s recreation, camp, comprehensive assessment of children’s tourism in the regions, questionnaire

Abstract

Children’s tourism is one of the widespread types of tourism and performs educational, pedagogic, sanitary and other socially significant functions. It is one of the most steady sectors of the tourist services market. The most developed and oldest segments of children’s tourism in Kazakhstan are health- improvement and cultural-educational tourism, educational programs are consistently in demand. The article is devoted to the development of children’s and youth tourism in the modern social space of Kazakhstan. The article analyzes how children’s and youth tourism is organized in the regions of Kazakhstan, its structure and quantitative parameters. The authors note that both the number of health-improving institutions for children and the consumer structure of children’s and youth recreation have changed: the number of children having a vacation in urban school camps with a day stay, specialized and spa-type camps is gradually increasing. The problem of forming a system of management for children’s and youth tourism lies in the large number of activities with different subordination. The article analyzes the situation with camps in Kazakhstan on the basis of data from the years 2016–2019. We have highlighted the prospects of the regions to develop children’s and youth tourism and the main directions of its improvement. Thereto the market of children’s and youth tourism was studied, the types of recreation that are in the greatest demand were identified. We evaluated the opportunities to develop children’s sightseeing tours in the regions and cities of the Republic of Kazakhstan. To study the needs of children, an opinion poll was held among parents via Google Forms. The polling consisted of 5 questions to which 114 results were received from respondents. In Kazakhstan children’s and youth tourism have a different level of development. The formation and development of children’s tourism depends on many factors: high- quality personnel, a favourable natural environment and the location of historical and cultural heritage, financing, etc. It is understood that the economic growth in the field of children’s tourism in Kazakhstan is kept back by insufficient information transparency, focus on the provision of tourism services, which, in its turn, contradicts the emerging opportunities of communication innovations that have significantly changed the conditions and opportunities to implement processes of interaction between people and elements of socio- economic systems, the high level of inequality of the population’s income requiring the diversification of the tourist product.

Author Biographies

Aigul M. Sergeyeva
K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
Akzhunus G. Abdullina
K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
Assem Y. Albekova
K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan
Gulnur Zh. Shumakova
K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University, Aktobe, Kazakhstan

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Published
2022-04-05
How to Cite
Sergeyeva, A., Abdullina, A., Albekova, A., & Shumakova, G. (2022). Development of children’s and youth tourism in the modern social space of Kazakhstan. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 31(1), 142-151. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112214