Malta’s tourism potential


Keywords: Republic of Malta, score estimation, climate, relief, tourist and recreational resources, tourism development

Abstract

Methods of estimation of tourist and recreational resources are traced; the analysis of natural tourist and recreational resources of the Republic of Malta is carried out; the analysis of historical and cultural tourist and recreational resources of the country is carried out; a point assessment of the country’s provision of tourist and recreational resources; the place of the Republic of Malta on the tourist market of Ukraine is revealed. The Republic of Malta is one of the few countries in the world with such a large and diverse historical and cultural site. The lands of the country have experienced centuries of historical events, after which there are memories in the form of cathedrals, palaces, museums, fortifications, etc. Malta has been established as a country with an ancient history. It has a large number of unique cultural monuments, as there were Carthaginians and Phoenicians, Roman and Byzantine empires, Arabs, knights of the Order of St. John, Napoleon, the British Empire. The country’s historical and cultural tourist resources make it interesting for tourists to visit. Malta has a great historical past, which has left a great legacy in the form of ancient fortresses, churches, cathedrals, majestic palaces. The UNESCO World Heritage Site is no exception for the country; there are 3 of them in the list. There are 7 sites in the country that are also currently candidates for inclusion in the World Heritage List. The country is rich in fortifications; there are 35 units in the country, which are of particular interest for tourists. Most of the fortifications were built during the Order of Malta to fortify the country from invaders. The natural conditions of Malta, which are the basis for tourism development, are analyzed. Methods for estimating the tourist potential of the country have been studied, in particular: normative-index, balance, graphic, cartographic, expert, statistical and mathematical methods, scoring. Integrated indicators for each region of Malta were determined using a score. Three categories of regions have been identified according to the assessment of the tourist potential of the territory.

Author Biographies

Viktor V. Hrushka
Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro
Nataliya A. Horozhankina
University of Customs and Finance, Dnipro
Alla P. Girman
University of Customs and Finance, Dnipro
Serhii V. Shulyak
University of Customs and Finance, Dnipro
G. V. Shcholokova
University of Customs and Finance, Dnipro

References

1. Attard, S., 2019. The Evolution of Malta’s Tourism Sector. Xjenza Online – Science Journal of the Malta Chamber of Scientists. No.7. P. 37–48. Retrieved from: https://www. xjenza.org/JOURNAL/OLD/7–1–2019/02.pdf
2. Barabanova V., Bohatyryova G.. Gorinа G., 2020. Marketing mechanisms of tourist industry development in an unstable environment Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology. Vol. 29 (4), 625–636.
3. Caruana, S., Farrugia G., 2018. The Impact of Social Media on the Lodging Performance of Five Star Hotels in Malta. In: Katsoni V., Velander K. (eds) Innovative Approaches to Tourism and Leisure. Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978–3–319–67603–6_17
4. Croes, R., Ridderstaat, J., van Niekerk, M., 2018. Connecting quality of life, tourism specialization, and economic growth in small island destinations: The case of Malta. Tourism Management. Vol. 65, 212–223. DOI:10.1016/j. tourman.
5. Ebejer, J., 2019. Urban heritage and cultural tourism development: a case study of Valletta’s role in Malta’s tourism. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change. Vol. 17, 3, 306–320. DOI: 10.1080/14766825.2018.1447950
6. Grima, R., 2017. Heritage Management, Tourism, and World Heritage on Malta. American Anthropologist. Vol. 119, Issue 1. P. 125–127. https://doi.org/10.1111/aman.12808
7. Jones, A., Navarro, C., 2018. “Events and the blue economy: Sailing events as alternative pathways for tourism futures – the case of Malta”, International Journal of Event and Festival Management. Vol. 9, 2. 204–222. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEFM-09–2017–0055
8. Malta’s travel and tourism sector review. 14 Feb 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.grantthornton.com.mt/ globalassets/tourism-review-2019.pdf
9. National Statistics Office Malta, 2020. Retrieved from: https://nso.gov.mt/en/Pages/NSO-Home.aspx
10. OECD Tourism Trends and Policies, Malta. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/ade41547-en/index. html?itemId=/content/component/ade41547-en#chapter- d1e126923
11. Topchiev O., Kolomiets K., Sych V., Yavorskaya V., 2020. Structuring of recreational and tourist potential on the basis of geographical environment: Monograph. Kamianets-Podilskyi. 332 p.
12. Yavkin, V.G., Rudenko, V.P., Korol’, O.D., 2006. Problemy’ geografiyi ta menedzhmentu tury’zmu [Problems of geography and tourism management]. Chernivci: Ruta, 260 (Іn Ukrainian).
Published
2021-12-24
How to Cite
Hrushka, V., Horozhankina, N., Girman, A., Shulyak, S., & Shcholokova, G. (2021). Malta’s tourism potential. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(4), 642-651. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112159