Spatial analysis of natural reserve fund of the Zakarpatska Oblast


Keywords: nature reserve fund (NRF), density of nature protection objects, reserve factor, index of insularization, Zakarpatska oblast

Abstract

The article brings light to the study of the nature reserve fund (NRF) of Zakarpatska oblast as a component of the national heritage of the country. Representativeness is considered to be one of the main principles of spatial formation of the NRF object network. Therefore, to determine the current state and ensure further effective development of the region’s nature reserve fund, it is necessary to analyze its territorial and internal structural indicators. The purpose of the study is to analyze the current status of the region’s nature reserve fund with the reference to the possibility of introduction of the further new management practices. The article is based on information and statistical materials, the provisions of regional programs for the formation of the ecological network and environmental legislation of Ukraine. To solve the assigned tasks, there has been done a comprehensive analysis of statistical reporting data and materials of the NRF Register in Zakarpatska oblast of the Department of Ecology of Natural Resources of Zakarpattia Regional State Administration within the period of 2019, and reporting documents of environmental institutions for the same period. The considered indicator is the territorial distribution of nature reserve areas and region areas by administrative districts (before the formation and implementation of changes to the administrative-territorial structure of the Zakarpatska oblast), which is presented in the form of the division into four groups. The spatial distribution of the territory and the NFR objects do not sufficiently meet the criteria of local representativeness, so their spatial structure needs significant improvement, be specific – the creation of nature reserves, especially in the lowlands of the region. The average density of nature protection objects in the region (36 units / 1000 km2) is almost three times higher than the corresponding indicator in the neighboring Lviv region. The average value of the reserve factor in the region makes 14.17 %. It has been found that the reserve ratio demonstrates geographically the largest disproportion in Zakarpatska oblast. It is the highest indicator in turns of administrative entities in the districts of Mizhhiria, Velyky Bereznyi and Rakhiv. The lowest one is in Svaliava and Berehove districts, respectively. In addition, the reserve ratio compared to the national average indicator and in other European countries has been carried out. The quality of the nature reserve network is determined by the insularity coefficient, which indicates the size of the NRF objects and their stability. Further expansion of the network of nature protection objects in Zakarpatska oblast is possible due to the creation of Latorytsa, Shaian and Uzhok landscape parks. A big assumption can be made that by 2020 it will be possible to create new and expand existing areas of NRF in the region up to 100–120 thousand hectares, which will increase the protected area up to 20–22 %. The key issues of nature reserves to be developed in Zakarpatska oblast are primarily related to the imperfection of the management system. To handle this problem, there is an urgent need to develop a strategy, which will envisage the perception of the NRF as a holistic anthropogenic and natural unit in order to put into practice the environmental, scientific, educational and recreational functions.

Author Biographies

Victorii V. Yavorska
I. I. Mechnikov Odesa National University, Odesa
Nadiia V. Chyr
State Higher Educational Establishment “Uzhhorod National University”, Uzhhorod
Andriy V. Melnyk
Ivano-Frankivsk National University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankivsk
Ihor V. Hevko
Volodymyr Hnatyuk Ternopil Pedagogical University, Ternopil
Oleksandra S. Chubrei
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi
Alexander V. Hryhoriev
I. I. Mechnikov Odesa National University, Odesa

References

1. Zakon Ukrainy «Pro okhoronu navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha» vid25.06. 1991 No 1264-ХІІ [Law of Ukraine «On Environmental Protection» from 25.06. 1991 No 1264-ХІІ]. Retrieved from http://zakon5. rada. gov.ua/laws/show/1264–12. (In Ukrainian).
2. Pietrzyk-Sokulska, E., 2009. Ostoje sieci Natura 2000 jako element środowiskowych uwarunkowań eksploatacji kopalin [Natura 2000 sites as an element of environmental conditions for the exploitation of minerals]. Górnictwo odkrywkowe, 16–26. (In Polish).
3. Hetman, V.I., 2002. Ekoturyzm chy ekolohichnyi turyzm: teoriia i realnist [Ecotourism or ecological tourism: theory and reality]. Ridna pryroda, 3, 24–29. (In Ukrainian).
4. Stetsenkо, M.P., Hamor, F.D., 2017. Zapovidna sprava v Ukraini: absoliutna zapovidnist chy yevropeiska model harmonii liudyny i pryrody? [Protected areas in Ukraine: absolute preservation or a european model of harmony of man and nature?]. Tysa, Lviv (In Ukrainian).
5. Hrodzynskyi, D.M., Sheliah-Sosonko, Yu.R., 2001.Problemy zberezhennia ta vidnovlennia bioriznomanittia v Ukraini [Problems of biodiversity conservation and restoration in Ukraine]. Akademperiodyka. Kyiv (In Ukrainian).
6. Stoiko, S., Hadach, E., Shymon, T., Mykhalyk, S., 1991. Zapovidni ekosystemy Karpat [Protected ecosystems of the Carpathians]. Svit. Lviv (In Ukrainian).
7. Arkhypova, L., Fomenko, N., Kinash, Ir., Golovnia, Ol., 2019. Terytorialni rekreatsiini systemy ta stalyi rozvytok [Territorial Recreational Systems and Sustainable Development]. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research. 7th International Conference on Modeling, Development and Strategic Management of Economic System (MDSMES 2019), vol. 99. Atlantis Press. 189–194. (In English).
8. Stoiko, S.M., Saik, D.S., Tatarynov, K.A., 1982. Karpatskyi zapovidnyk [Carpathian Reserve]. Karpaty. Uzhhorod (In Ukrainian).
9. Oliinyk, Ya.B., Hetman, V.I., 2002. Ekolohichnyi turyzm na terenakh natsionalnykh pryrodnykh parkiv i biosfernykh zapovidnykiv Ukrainy v mizhnarodnyi rik ekoturyzmu ta hir [Ecological tourism on the territory of national natural parks and biosphere reserves of Ukraine in the international year of ecotourism and mountains]. Collection of scientific works of the Military Institute of Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, vol. 48. 5–11. (In Ukrainian).
10. Pop, S.S., 2011. Pryrodno-zapovidnyi fond Zakarpatskoi oblasti [Nature reserve fund of Transcarpathian region]. Karpaty. Uzhhorod (In Ukrainian).
11. Kichura, A.V., 2009. Osoblyvosti formuvannia ta perspektyvy rozvytku pryrodno-zapovidnoho fondu Zakarpatskoi oblasti [Features of the formation and development prospects of the natural reserve fund of Transcarpathian region]. Forestry and agro-amelioration. vol. 115. 235– 239. (In Ukrainian).
12. Klymenko, V.G., Olijnyk, A.V., 2014.Otsinka ta analiz efektyvnosti pryrodookhoronnoi merezhi Kharkivskoi oblasti hrafoanalitychnym metodom [Assessment and analysis of the effectiveness of the environmental network of the Kharkiv region by the graph-analytical method] Problems of Continuous Geographical Education and Cartography, vol. 19.36–41. (In Ukrainian).
13. Didukh, Ya.P., Vakarenko, L.P., Vynokurov, D.S., 2016. Otsinka reprezentatyvnosti merezhi pryrodno- zapovidnykh ob’iektiv Ukrainy (botanichnyi aspekt) [Assessment of the representativeness of the network of nature reserve objects of Ukraine (botanical aspect)]. Ukrainian Geographical Journal. vol. 2. 13–19. (In Ukrainian).
14. Udovychenko, V.V., 2017. Pryrodno-zapovidnyi fond terytorii livoberezhnoi Ukrainy yak osnova rozbudovy ekomerezhi rehionu [Nature reserve fund of the territory of the left-bank Ukraine as a basis for the development of the region’s ecological network].Ukrainian Geographical Journal. vol. 1. 38–47. (In Ukrainian).
15. Chyr, N.V., 2016. Aktualni pytannia doslidzhennia pryrodno- zapovidnoho fondu Zakarpatskoi oblasti [Current issues of studying the nature reserve fund of the Transcarpathian region]. Bulletin of Odessa National University. vol. 1(28). 42–55. (In Ukrainian).
16. Obyekty pryrodno-zapovidnogo fondu Zakarpats`koyi oblasti [The objects of natural reserve fund Transcarpathian region]. Department of Environment Natural Resources Transcarpathian Regional Administration. Retrieved from: http://ecozakarpat.gov.ua (In Ukrainian).
17. Pryrodno-zapovidnyi fond Zakarpattia: problemy ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Transcarpathian nature reserve fund: problems and prospects of development]. Department of Environment Natural Resources Transcarpathian Regional Administration. Retrieved from: http://ecozakarpat.gov.ua (In Ukrainian).
18. Habchak, N.F., Dubis, L.F., Melnyk, A.V., Chyr, N.V., 2018. Ekolohichnyi turyzm na pryrodookhoronnykh terytoriiakh Zakarpatskoi obalsti [Ecological tourism on the protected areas of the Transcarpathian region]. Hoverla. Uzhhorod (In Ukrainian).
19. Kovalchuk, I.P., Ivanov, Ye.A., Sviderko, I.B., 2004. Heohrafichni osoblyvosti terytorialnoho rozpodilu ob’iek.tiv pryrodno-zapovidnoho fondu Lvivskoi oblasti [Geographical features of the territorial distribution of the objects of the nature reserve fund of the Lviv region]. Scientific Bulletin of the Ukrainian State Forestry University. vol. 14.8. 51–62. (In Ukrainian).
20. Prohrama perspektyvnoho rozvytku pryrodno-zapovidnoi spravy ta ekolohichnoi merezhi v Zakarpatskii oblasti na 2006–2020 roky [The program of perspective development of natural reserve and ecological network in Transcarpathian Region for 2006–2020]. Transcarpathian Regional Council. Retrieved from: http://ecozakarpat. gov.ua (In Ukrainian).
21. De nazdohaniaiemo, a de y vyperedzhaiemo, 2019 [Where we catch up, and where we are ahead]. Ecoinform. Retrieved from: https://ekoinform.com.ua/?p=3523(In Ukrainian).
22. Yavorska, V.V., Hevko, I.V., Sych, V.A., Kolomiyets, K.V., 2018. Organization of tourist and recreational activity within the objects of the natural protected fund in the Odessa region [Organization of tourist and recreational activity within the objects of the natural protectedfund in the Odessa region] Journal of Geology, Geography, Geoecology.vol. 27(2), 377–385. (In English).
23. Mudrak, O.V., Yelisavenko, Yu.A., Polishchuk, V.M., Mudrak, G.V., 2019. Otsinka lisovykh ekosystem pryrodnoho zapovidnoho fondu Skhidnoho Podillia v rehionalnii strukturi ekomerezhi [Assessment of forest ecosystems of Eastern Podillya natural reserve fund in the regional econet structure]. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. vol.9(1), 187–192. (In English).
24. Ivanov, Ye.A., Kovalchuk, I.P., 2007. Metodyka vyznachennia rivnomirnosti rozpodilu terytorii ta ob’iektiv pryrodno- zapovidnoho fondu rehionu (na prykladi Lvivskoi oblasti) [Method of determining the uniformity of distribution areas and objects of natural reserve fund of the region (on example of Lviv region)]. Scientific Bulletin of Volyn State University. vol. 11. 274–279. (In Ukrainian).
25. Kovalchuk, I.P., Pavlovska, T.S., Savchuk, D.V., 2011. Pryrodno-zapovidnyi fond baseinu r. Stokhid: suchasnyi stan, kartohrafichna model, shliakhy optymizatsii funktsionuvannia [Nature reserve fundofriver Stokhid: current state, cartographic model, ways to optimize functioning]. Magazine of cartography. vol. 3. 82–91. (In Ukrainian).
Published
2021-10-07
How to Cite
Yavorska, V., Chyr, N., Melnyk, A., Hevko, I., Chubrei, O., & Hryhoriev, A. (2021). Spatial analysis of natural reserve fund of the Zakarpatska Oblast. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(3), 597-606. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112155