Conditions of localization and patterns of distribution of gold-poly-metal mineralization of the Dagkesaman deposits (Lesser Caucasus, Azerbaijan)


Keywords: Dagkesaman, gold-polymetallic, structural-morphological, sulfides, gold mineralization, ore development

Abstract

We studied the structural-morphological types and mineral composition of ore bodies, stages of ore development and conditions of development of the deposits. The research revealed significant elements of the corresponding conditions of localization of gold-polymetallic mineralization, the most characteristic being albitophyre subvolcanic bodies and steeply-dipping damages related to them. According to the structural-morphologic peculiarities, the ore bodies should be united under three categories: 1) simple vein; 2) complex vein; 3) veinlet-impregnation types. The positions of gold ore bodies and their morphological peculiarities were found to be determined by structural factors. Presence of small ruptures, differently-oriented systems of fractures and faults, which run across the area, gentle curves of these systems and other structural elements –all of this promotes gold ore development. There research determined aureoles of ore-containing altered rocks (serialization, chloritization, kaolization and calcinations, and limonitization from hypergenical zones) and presence of zonal structure. Gold-productive areas were identified as the quartz-pyrite association with disperse gold, and especially, the second mineral association where there is a notable close paragenetic connection between noticeable gold and chalcopyrite-galena parageneis of polymetallic stage. In the process of ore development, the physical-chemical conditions have presumably changed from average deep (quartz-pyrite-sericite) to shallow (quartz-galena- sphalerite-gold ore) and close-to-the-surface (quartz-chalcocite-hematite). Gold that occurs with all the mentioned minerals of this stage has developed in the temperature interval of 220–160 °C. The study found the ores to be complex, containing the following dditional elements: Fe, Cu, S, Bi, Zn, Pb, As, Se, Te. The main fossil component is gold. Industrially valuable are also cadmium, zink, copper and silver, found in the ores. We found the following morphological types of grains of native gold: homogenous, zonal, mono-granular, spotted, which are of great significance for concluding on genesis of the deposits, prognoses, explorations and assessments.

Author Biographies

Mamoy I. Mansurov
Baku State University, Baku, the Republic of Azerbaijan
Ulker I. Kerimli
Baku State University, Baku, the Republic of Azerbaijan
Azer I. Guseynov
Baku State University, Baku, the Republic of Azerbaijan

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Published
2021-10-06
How to Cite
Mansurov, M., Kerimli, U., & Guseynov, A. (2021). Conditions of localization and patterns of distribution of gold-poly-metal mineralization of the Dagkesaman deposits (Lesser Caucasus, Azerbaijan). Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(3), 528-538. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112148