Approaches to organize the econetwork of the Transnistria region in the conditions of urban landscape


Keywords: ecosystem, urban environment, territorial organization, nature use, biodiversity, local level, Transnistria

Abstract

The article focuses on the relevant topic of the development of the ecosystem consisting integral landscape formations of biocentric-network type, which has been done in many countries of Europe since the 1990s. The article emphasizes certain achievements of independent Ukraine regarding the methodological developments of the concept of ecosystem, first of all at the national and regional levels and also the low level of its introduction at the local level. In the process of performing (based on studying foreign and domestic experiences) the scientific study of development and perspectives of the development of local ecosystem of a residential area as a basis for the regional ecosystem in the conditions of Yampil city of Vinnytsia Oblast, we determined its extremely high biotic and landscape diversities, and also the threats of its significant transformation. As an important step to prevent negative influence of agrarian activity of inhabitants of Yampil on the environment with restoration of diversity it is characteristic of, we considered the development of the city`s ecosystem. The scientific substantiations made by applications of tools became the basis for the development of local ecosystem. In the developed scheme “Local ecosystem of Yampil city”, we indicated the structural elements of the ecosystem, their localization, toponyms, made corresponding indications on the map and provided all its elements with descriptions. The key and connective territories of the local ecosystem of Yampil city are compartmentalized based on the adopted criteria of the selection. Their internal structures that we characterized in details allowed us to assess the special roles of the key and connective territories in the preservation of biodiversity, landscape basics of the formation and further development of Yampil city. The territories of the city which were not included in the local elements of the ecosystem are considered restorative and buffer territories within the local and regional ecological networks. The suggested scheme of the local econetwork is basic concerning the implementation of the following stages of the development of the ecosystem by composing schemes at the regional and general national levels and is the main condition for the balanced development of the Transnistria region. We obtained the results so as to preserve and effectively use the biotic and landscape diversities combined with non exhaustive use of natural resources, which is the main goal of contemporary nature use, ecological safety and nature protection. The recommendations were developed for the use of nature-protection and administrative bodies in decision making and any kind (land use, nature protection, ecological, etc) of studies.

Author Biographies

Anatoliy V. Hudzevych
Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Lilia O. Nikitchenko
Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Ludmila S. Hudzevych
Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia
Lina F. Bronnikova
Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vinnytsia
Renata O. Demets
Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia

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Published
2021-10-05
How to Cite
Hudzevych, A., Nikitchenko, L., Hudzevych, L., Bronnikova, L., & Demets, R. (2021). Approaches to organize the econetwork of the Transnistria region in the conditions of urban landscape. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(3), 449-459. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112141

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