Analysis of zoning schemes of the territory of Ukraine for the purposes of optimization and management of recreational and tourist activities


Keywords: tourism, recreation, taxonomy, taxonomic recreational units, zoning, recreational and tourist zoning

Abstract

The purpose of this publication is to analyze the existing set of results of scientific and applied research in the field of recreational and tourist zoning of Ukraine and identify methodological differences in existing schemes for planning the development of recreation and sectoral zoning. To achieve this goal, the study used a content method of analysis of a set of existing theoretical and methodological approaches to zoning, research and development on the organization and functioning of recreational territorial units. Methods of comparative analysis of the data on the formation of the territorial structure of tourist regions, determining the criteria for taxonomic classification of territorial recreational formations allowed to systematize information about existing world zoning systems and recreational and tourist territorial structure of Ukraine. The information base of the study is the regulatory documents, analytical and statistical materials of the WTO, NTO of Ukraine, scientific publications of leading Ukrainian and foreign researchers on zoning, in particular, zoning to manage and optimize tourism and recreational activities. The study involves schemes for the development and allocation of resources for tourism and recreation, zoning schemes in Ukraine, in the field of recreation and tourism, which were carried out in the period from 1960s to 2020s. Numerous schemes of recreational and tourist division of the country’s territory and its separate regions indicate the confusion of terminology, approaches, standards and rules for zoning the country. In Ukraine, there are sectoral zoning, which are based on the principles of “zona making” conception, however, most sectoral zonings are not compared and do not correlate. The principles laid down in the implementation of sectoral recreational and tourist zoning are not always coordinated with the regulations that exist in the system of spatial planning. The results of the analysis emphasize the urgency of unification of terminology, certainty with methodological approaches to taxonomic classification and selection of taxa within the country. Today the issues of formation of recreational, tourist, resort spaces for the purposes of efficient and rational nature use and development of a competitive national tourist product are solved without a single coordinated recreational and tourist zoning of the territory of Ukraine.

Author Biographies

Oleg Y. Grinyuk
Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv
Svitlana O. Demianenko
Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv
Tetiana H. Kupach
Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv

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Published
2021-07-17
How to Cite
Grinyuk, O., Demianenko, S., & Kupach, T. (2021). Analysis of zoning schemes of the territory of Ukraine for the purposes of optimization and management of recreational and tourist activities. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(2), 261-274. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112123