The protected area as a tourism eco-brand

Keywords: brand, positioning, national nature park, tourism destination, ecotourism


Branding of the protected area plays an important role in the process of forming its attractiveness for the currently growing target market, focused on the consumption of environmental friendliness as an unconditional value. The results of literature review show that when the object of branding is a national nature park or any other nature protected object, intangible elements of the brand (affirmative opinions, beliefs and associations) must be based on the principle of eco-friendliness, and the tangible elements (logo, colours, design, semantic and visual effects) reflect this primary value. This is the so-called eco-brand which provides the ecological prerogative of the positioning object. The aim of this paper is to analyze the tangible and intangible components of Ukrainian national nature parks brands, their current market positioning, as well as the development of proposals for eco-brand formation of the national parks. The study tested text and visual content of Internet sites of Ukrainian national natural parks and analyzed their logos. As a result, most logos can be considered environmentally friendly due to their symbology and colours, but Internet sites are not customer and business oriented, and don’t reflect the national parks positioning. Based on a sample of 87 on‐ site visitor survey responses, two factors, the brand awareness and national parks attendance, were estimated. The brand awareness of Ukrainian national parks is critically small and directly depends on the brand awareness. The hiding place survey suggested that consumers do not identify national parks by logos and do not differentiate them well. The results of the survey of potential visitors were supported by the results of interviews with 8 ecotourism experts. Experts identified the current positioning for each national park, proposed changes in positioning based on the characteristics of the landscapes and hydrology, flora and fauna. Based on the findings of this study, the authors proposed a set of measures for the brand positioning of national parks within the framework of the eco-brand concept. The authors insist that the development of a national nature park in the concept of an eco-brand also means the introduction of environmental standards of landscape design, appropriate behaviour patterns and management approaches.

Author Biographies

Svitlana V. Melnychenko
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv
Hanna I. Mykhaylichenko
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv
Yuliia B. Zabaldina
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv
Sergiy S. Kravtsov
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv
Svitlana S. Skakovska
National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne


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How to Cite
Melnychenko, S., Mykhaylichenko, H., Zabaldina, Y., Kravtsov, S., & Skakovska, S. (2021). The protected area as a tourism eco-brand. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(1), 122-132.