Using Geo-electric Techniques for Vulnerability and Groundwater Potential Analysis of Aquifers in Nnewi, South Eastern Nigeria


Keywords: Hydraulic Conductivity, Transmissivity, Transverse Resistance, Longitudinal Conductance

Abstract

In Nnewi, Anambra State Nigeria, twenty vertical electrical sounding (VES) were performed to delineate vulnerability and transmissivity of identified aquifer within the study area. Hydraulic parameters (transverse resistance, longitudinal conductivity, hydraulic conductivity and transmissivity) were delineated from geoelectrical parameters (depth, thickness, and apparent resistance). The geo- parameters of the aquifer: apparent resistance from 1000.590 to 1914.480, thickness from 42.850 – 66.490 m and 65.530 to 100.400 m of depth. The estimated hydraulic parameters of the aquifers are transverse resistance 54264.383 - 104568.898 Ωm, longitudinal conductance 0.029 – 0.062 mho, hydraulic conductivity 0.664 – 2.015 m/day and transmis- sivity between 4.167 and 13.963 m2/day. All aquifers have poor protective capacity, 40 percent of the aquifers have low classification with smaller withdrawal potential for local groundwater supply, while 60 percent of the delineated aquifer has intermediate classification and withdrawal potential for local groundwater supply. Due to its groundwater supply potential and protective capacity, the eastern part of the study area has stronger groundwater potential.

Author Biographies

Kenechukwu A. Ifeanyichukwu
Namadie Azikiwe University, Akwa Nigeria
Elizabeth Okeyeh
Namadie Azikiwe University, Akwa Nigeria
Okechukwu E. Agbasi
Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, NigeriaGeookan Geophysical Services, Eket, Nigeria
Onwe I. Moses
Namadie Azikiwe University, Akwa Nigeria
Ogechukwu Ben-Owope
Namadie Azikiwe University, Akwa Nigeria

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Published
2021-04-08
How to Cite
Ifeanyichukwu, K., Okeyeh, E., Agbasi, O., Moses, O., & Ben-Owope, O. (2021). Using Geo-electric Techniques for Vulnerability and Groundwater Potential Analysis of Aquifers in Nnewi, South Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 30(1), 43-52. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112105