Tourism geography: functional structure and role in tourismology


Keywords: tourismology, tourism studies, geography of recreational resources, geography of tourism infrastructure, geography of changes in the environment of tourism, geography of touristic movement, country studies for tourism, local studies for tourism

Abstract

The objective basis of tourism as a phenomenon of social life makes it a complex, multi-faceted object of scientific knowledge. Geography was one of the sciences that has studied tourism since it became a phenomenon of human existence and has initiated an innovatory scientific direction, that is tourism geography. We researched the theoretical approaches to the definition of the notion tourism geography, tourism studies and tourismology as integral notions in the scientific discourse regarding the study and research on tourism. We determined the main legal, organizational, natural, socio-economic, humanitarian and other basics of the geography of tourism which are orientated at provision of dynamic development in the sphere in general. Modern traditions and tendencies of the European school of tourism studies, novel scientific orientations in the block of adjacent disciplines were evaluated and the authors` interpretation of the functional structure of the direction “Tourism geography” are presented. We determined the integral character of the theory of tourism geography with its characteristic structural changes due to the multi-functionality of scientific directions, because tourism geography is a complex naturalecological-socio-economic system which covers geographical, ecological, socio-cultural, economic, political, organization-legal and other aspects, processes and phenomena is related to comfortable and safe recreation. The position of tourism geography in the system of sciences and scientific disciplines with updated notion-category apparatus were characterized. We determined the peculiarities of the structural-functional scheme of the touristic sphere (use of the natural and cultural-historical resources – providing touristic services – obtaining economic profits). We should note the increasing attention to the ecological problems of tourism geography, balance of the social, ecological, economic components at different levels of territorial organization of the touristic process.

Author Biographies

Oresta Y. Bordun
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
Pavlo V. Romaniv
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
Wolodymyr R. Monasryrskyy
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

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Published
2020-07-07
How to Cite
Bordun, O., Romaniv, P., & Monasryrskyy, W. (2020). Tourism geography: functional structure and role in tourismology. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 29(2), 233-242. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/112021