Use of remote sensing data to study ice cover in the Dnipro Reservoirs

Keywords: remote sensing, ice cover, air temperature, the Dnipro Reservoirs


The information on the use of remote sensing data when studying the ice cover of the Dnipro Reservoirs is given. The main source of data was the images obtained by the satellites Sentinel-2, Landsat, Aqua and Terra. In addition, the observation data from the hydrological and meteorological stations were used. The combination of these data enabled to study the patterns of ice regime in the Dnipro Reservoirs, to specify some features that cannot be determined by regular monitoring. A typical feature of the ice cover of all reservoirs of the Dnipro Cascade, besides the Kyivske one, is the impact of hydropower plants (HPP) located upstream. The runoff of the rivers flowing into the Kyivske Reservoir significantly influences its ice cover. This is especially relates to the period of spring flood. Besides the Dnipro and the Pripyat Rivers, relatively small the Teteriv and the Irpin Rivers flowing from the south-west to the north-east have a rather significant effect on the ice cover of this reservoir. The distribution of ice cover in the Kanivske Reservoir, compared to the Kanivske one, is significantly less. In addition to more southern location and warmer climate, the city of Kyiv also influences the ice cover on it, namely due to the discharge of wastewater from several industrial enterprises, Kyivska TPP-5 and Bortnitska Station of Aeration are ones of them. The impact of Trypilska TPP, which located downstream, is also significant. The longest duration of ice cover in the Kanivske Reservoir is observed in its south-eastern part. A point of interest about the Kremenchuts’ke Reservoir is the fact that the ice cover in it remains for the longest period compared to the other reservoirs. The largest duration of ice cover in this reservoir is observed in the Sulska Bay. The typical feature of the Kamianske Reservoir is the accumulation of ice in its narrow parts. Within the Dniprovske Reservoir, the longest freezing period is observed in the Samara Bay. Besides the operation of hydropower station, the industrial enterprises of Kamianske town and Dnipro city have a great effect on the upper part of this reservoir. There are significant differences in the ice regime of the different parts of the Kakhovske Reservoir, which extends from the north-east to the south-west. The distribution of ice in its shallow north-eastern part is usually much larger than in narrower south-western part.

Author Biographies

Viktor I. Vyshnevskyi
Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation
Serhii A. Shevchuk
Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation


1. Baklagin, V. N., 2018. Izmenchivost ledovitosti Onezhskogo ozera v period 2000–2018 po sputnikovym danym [Variability of the Lake Onega ice coverage in the period 2000–2018 according to the satellite data]. Ice and Snow. 58 (4). 552–558 (in Russian).
2. Brown L. C., Duguay C. R., 2010. The response and role of ice cover in lake-climate interactions, Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, Vol. 34, Issue 5, 671–704. Retrieved from URL: pdf/10.1177/0309133310375653.
3. Comiso, C. J., 2011. Large decadal decline of the Arctic multiyear ice cover. Journal of Climate. Vol. 25. 1176–1193.
4. Dashkevich, L. V., et al, 2014. The ice regime of the Sea of Azov and climate in the early 21st century. Doklady Earth Sciences. Vol. 457. No 2. 1020–1024.
5. Dashkevich, L. V., Nemtseva, L. D., Berdnikov, S. V., 2016. Otsenka ledovitosti Azovskogo morja v XXI veke po sputnikovym snimkam Terra/Aqua MODIS i resyltatam matematicheskogo modelirovania [Assessment of the Sea of Azov ice cover in the XXI century using Terra/Aqua MODIS images and numerical modelling // Modern problems of remote sensing of Earth from Space. Т. 13. No 5. 91–100 (in Russian).
6. Efremova, T. V., Zdovennova, G. E., Palshyn, N. I., 2010. Ledovyi regime Karelskyi ozer [Ice regime of the Karelian lakes]. Proc. Karelian Scientific Centre, 31–40 (in Russian).
7. Kalinin, V. G., 2014. Vodnyi rezhim Kamskih vodohranilishch i rek ih vodosbora v zimniy period [Water regime of the Kama reservoirs and their rivers basins in winter period]. Perm. 184 pp. (in Russian).
8. Klavins, M., Briede A., Rodinov V., 2009. Long term changes in ice and discharge regime of rivers in the Baltic region in relation to climatic variability. Climatic Change. Vol. 95. Issue 3–4. 485–498.
9. Korhonen, J., 2006. Long-term changes in lake ice cover in Finland. Nordic Hydrology. Vol. 37. No 4–5. 347–363.
10. Kouraev, A. V., Semovski, S. V., Shimaraev M. N., et al., 2007. Observations of Lake Baikal ice from satellite altimetry and radiometry. Remote Sensing of Environment. 108. 240–253.
11. Magnuson, J.J. et al, 2000. Historical trends in lake and river ice cover in the Northern hemisphere. Science. Vol. 289, 8 September. 1743–1746.
12. Marszelewski, W., Skowron, R., 2006. Ice cover as an indicator of winter air temperature changes: case study of the Polish Lowland lakes. Hydrological Sciences–Journal. 51 (2) April 2006. 335–349. Retrieved from URL: http://www.tandfonline. com/doi/pdf/10.1623/hysj.51.2.336.
13. Rakhmatullina, E. R., Grebin’, V. V., 2011. Doslidzhennja bahatorichnoi dunamiky tovshchynu ledovogo pokryvu richok baseynu Pivdennui Buh [Researching long-term dynamic of ice cover thickness of the Pivdennyi Bug river basin]. Hydrology, hydrochemistry and hydroecology. Vol. 3 (24). 93–98 (in Ukrainian).
14. Stonevicius E., Stankunavicius G., Kilkus, G., 2008. Ice regime dynamics in the Nemunas River, Lithuania. Climate Research. Vol. 36. No. 1. 17–28.
15. Strutynska V. M., Grebin’, V. V., 2010. Termicnyi i ljodovui regime richok baseynu Dnipra z drugoi polovyny XX stolittja [Thermal and ice regime of the Dnipro river basin rivers from the second half of the XXth centuary]. 196. (in Ukrainian).
16. Vyshnevskyi, V. I., 2011. Rika Dnipro [The Dnipro river]. (in Ukrainian).
17. Vyshnevskyi, V. I., Shevchuk S. A., 2018. Vykoristannja danuh dystantsinoho zonduvannja Zemli u doslidzhennjah vodnuh ob’ektyv Ukrainy [Use of remote sensing data in the investigation of water objects of Ukraine]. (in Ukrainian).
18.Yaitskaya, N. V., Magaeva A. A., 2018. Dinamika ledovogo regima Azovskogo morja v XX–XXI vekah [Dynamics of the ice regime of the Sea of Azov in the XX–XXI centuries]. Ice and Snow. 58 (3). 373–386 (in Russian).
How to Cite
Vyshnevskyi, V., & Shevchuk, S. (2020). Use of remote sensing data to study ice cover in the Dnipro Reservoirs. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 29(1), 206-216.