Geographic analysis of the condition of tourism of Luhansk region (Ukraine) in the context of the conflict

Keywords: tourism, analysis, geography, conflict, post-conflict, tourist flows


The article is devoted to the geographic analysis and evaluation of the development of tourism in Luhansk region in the context of the current conflict. The aim of this report is to monitor the state of tourism in Luhansk region, which is especially relevant in this transformational period. We used research methodology which combines the philosophical and general scientific principles that form the methodological principles of scientific research and include a number of laws and categories. Analytical, statistical, comparative-geographical, historical methods of research were used. We considered in chronological order the formation of tourism in the region. The state of tourism in the region under the conditions of the conflict is analyzed. It is revealed that the current state of tourism is that of crisis, but there are positive prospects for development. The geographical possibilities of tourism development at the present stage are substantiated. It is proposed to develop the most promising types of tourism. The scientific novelty is due to choice of theme itself, because geographers devote insufficient attention to the study of tourism development issues in the context of the conflict. For the first time , a geographic analysis of the status of tourism of Luhansk region in the conditions of the conflict is presented. The methods of comprehensive assessment of tourism development at the regional level have been improved with the use of quantitative and qualitative indicators, which allows us to determine the directions of tourist development in the region. The existing information on the influence of the conflict period on tourism development is supplemented.For the first time, a comprehensive analysis of the status of tourism in Luhansk region was carried out for different periods: at the beginning of the conflict and during the conflict, which showed that Ukraine’s image as a place of conflict led to the emergence of new social-geographical features of the development of tourism in the east of Ukraine. It is revealed that the conflict has led to instability in the development of tourism, tourists who are worried about their safety refuse to visit a conflicted country or region. This inevitably leads to a decrease in the number of international tourist arrivals and revenues from tourism, a decrease in the number of objects of tourism and of collective accommodation facilities. It is determined that the attractiveness for tourism and image of the eastern region is almost lost as a result of the conflict. It is proved that the conflict negatively impacted the development of the tourism industry in the region, namely, all types of tourism suffered, significantly reducing the total number of tourists.It is determined that tourism in the post-conflict period may become a promising direction of economic development of the eastern regions of Ukraine. The main provisions, factual material and conclusions of the article can be used for further research on the development of tourism in Luhansk region and the creation of a concept for overcoming the negative consequences of the conflict of 2014-2019 in Ukraine for the development of the national tourism industry.

Author Biographies

Olha A. Lyubitseva
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Galina M. Zavarika
Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University


1. Averin, A., 2017.Derzhavne rehuliuvannia demohrafich- nykh ta mihratsiinykh protsesiv v Rosiiskii Federatsii. [State regulation of demographic and migration processes in the Russian Federation]. M., 125 (in Russian).
2. Beidik, O., Koroma, N., Syrovets, S., 2016. Svitovyi turistychnyi rukh: stan, tendentsii ta perspektyvy rozrobky v konteksti shchodennoho heopolitychnoho zahrozu. [World tourism movement: status, trends and development prospects in the context of the daily geopolitical threat] Geography and tourism, 37, 3-15 (in Ukrainian).
3. Chudoba, T., 1998.Wprowadzenie do teorii turystyki.[Introduction to the theory of tourism] Warszawa, 112(in Polish).
4. Daft, R.,2002. Menedzhment.[Management] SPb, 802(in Russian).
5. Dahrendorff, R., 2002. Suchasnyi sotsialnyi konflikt. Narys pro polityku svobody: ese.[Modern social conflict.Essay on the politics of freedom: essay]. M., 270 (in Russian).
6. Goeldner, Charles, R., Ritchie, J., 2002. Turyzm: pryntsypy, praktyka, filosofiia.[Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies]. N.Y., 512 (in English).
7. Huntington, S., 1996.Zitknennia tsyvilizatsii [The Clash of Civilizations][Online], Available: (in Russian).
8. Kaldor, M., 2001. Novi ta stari viiny: orhanizovane nasylstvo v hlobalnii eri. [New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era]. Cambridge, 132 (in English).
9. Lugansk region in figures in 2008, 2009.Derzhavnyi komitet statystyky Ukrainy, Luhansk [State Committee of Statistics of Ukraine, Lugansk].Heads. exercise statistics from Lugansk Region(in Ukrainian).
10. Lugansk regional state administration, 2018. [Online], Available: Ukrainian).
11. Lyubitseva, O., Zaleschyk, V., 2012. Recreational and tourist zoning of Lugansk region. [Rekreatsiino- turystychne raionuvannia Luhanskoi oblasti]. Geography and tourism. Vip. 22, 161-167 (in Ukrainian).
12. Main department of statistics in Luhansk region,2018. [Online], Available: (in Ukrainian).
13. Myshechkin, G., Anosova, O., 2013. Donbass tourism and recreational potential: place on the Ukrainian scale, problems and prospects.[Turystsko-rekreat- siinyi potentsial Donbasu: mistse u zahalnoukrainskomu masshtabi, problemy i perspektyvy]. VISNYK DITB, 17, 326-329 (in Ukrainian).
14. Poon, A.,1993. Turyzm, tekhnolohii ta konkurentni stratehii.[Tourism, technology and competitive strategies]. Oxford, 352(in English).
15. Spengler, O., 1998.Zanepad Yevropy. Narysy z morfolohii svitovoi istorii [The Decline of Europe. Essays on the morphology of world history]. M., 608(in Russian).
16. Site of the world tourism organization, 2018. [Online], Available: English).
17. State service of statistics of Ukraine, 2018. [Online], Available: (in Ukrainian).
18. Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine, 2016.[Statystychnyi shchorichnyk Ukrainy].State Statistics Committee of Ukraine(in Ukrainian).
19. The current state of legislative security for tourism in Ukraine: problems and ways for decision-making the participants of all-Ukrainian public hearing. Turististic association of Ukraine, 2018.[Online], Available: publ. aspx?id=322(in Ukrainian).
20. The program of tourism development in the Lugansk region for 2002-2010, 2002. Lugansk Resolution of the Lugansk Regional State Administration, 743(in Ukrainian).
21. The statistical bulletin «tourism in Lugansk region (2001-2006)”, 2007. LuganskVitus(in Ukrainian).
22. Toynbee, A., 1996. Tsyvilizatsiia pered sudom istorii [Civi- lization before the judgment of history]. M. SPb., 537(in Russian).
23. Tkachuk, L., 2016.Vplyv politychnoi nestabilnosti na rozvytok turystychnoho napriamku [The impact of political instability on the development of a tourist destination]. Geography and Tourism, 37, 26- 35(in Ukrainian).
24. Tourist activities in Ukraine, 2017.[Turystychna diialnist v Ukraini].Statistical collection.State Statistics Service of Ukraine, Kyiv, 90(in Ukrainian).
25. Zavarika, G., 2016.Teoretychne obgruntuvannia konfliktnoi modeli suspilstva [Theoretical justification of the conflict model of society]. Geography and Tourism, 37, 189-198(in Ukrainian).
26. Zavarika, G., Zelenko, O., 2017.Osoblyvosti rozvytku turyzmu v suchasnomu ukrainskomu Donbasi [Features of tourism development in the modern Ukrainian Donbass]. Tourism and Hospitality, 1, 39-44 (in Ukrainian).
27. Zavarika, G., 2018. Economic and geographical factors of tourism development of the east of Ukraine during the conflict [Ekonomiko-heohrafichni chynnyky rozvytku turyzmu skhodu Ukrainy v period konfliktu]. Bulletin of the University of Lviv. The series is geographical, VIP. 52, 100– 109(in Ukrainian).
28. Zelenko, O., 2015.Perspektyvy rozvytku turyzmu Luhanskoi oblasti v umovakh viiskovo-politychnoi nestabilnosti [Prospects of tourism development of Lugansk region in the conditions of military- political instability]. Scientific Herald of Mukachevo State University, 2 (4), 2, 138-143 (in Ukrainian).
29. Zymmel, H., 1996.Vybrane. Spohliadannia zhyttia [Favorites. Contemplation of life]. M., 671 (in Russian).
30. Ukrainian tourism, 2018. [Online], Available: https://www. (in Ukrainian).
How to Cite
Lyubitseva, O., & Zavarika, G. (2019). Geographic analysis of the condition of tourism of Luhansk region (Ukraine) in the context of the conflict. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(4), 692-705.