Refined magnetostratigraphic position of the Shyrokyne unit in loess sequences from Central Ukraine


Keywords: magnetostratigraphy, Matuyama–Brunhes boundary, palaeomagnetic method, loess-palaeosol sequence, Pleistocene, marine isotope stage 19

Abstract

The youngest geomagnetic polarity reversal, the Matuyama–Brunhes boundary (MBB), which occurred 780 kyr ago, is a “golden spike” in the age calibration of sediment sequences. The use of palaeomagnetic method as a stratigraphic tool in the study of loess sequences from Ukraine originated some 50 years ago. One major problem in using the available data is the contradictory position of the MBB in different stratigraphic units, which affected historic evolution of thechronostratigraphic models of the Quaternary in Ukraine. The most important units in this regard are the Shyrokyne and Martonosha units, in which the MBB had been defined most often. This paper provides the careful analysis of the previous magnetostratigraphic data and new preliminary results from key loess-palaeosol sections in Central Ukraine. Shyrokyne palaeosol complex in four loesspalaeosol sections located in the Middle Dnieper and Podolia regions has been palaeomagnetically studied. It is shown that the transition zone of the Matuyama–Brunhes palaeomagnetic reversal is most likely located at the base of the soil complex. In the Vyazivok section the MBB has been found in the lowermost part of Shyrokyne palaeosol sh1. Preliminary palaeomagnetic studies of theStari Kaydaky section reveal that the MBB cannot be defined at least above sh1 subunit. Medzhybizh and Holovchyntsi sections were deposited after the Matuyama–Brunhes reversal; however, the palaeomagnetic informativeness of the part of studied strata is doubtful. Magnetostratigraphic position of the Shyrokyne unit below the MBB in some previous studies is explained by methodological reasons and inconsistent chronostratigraphic models. The paper substantiates that normal magnetic polarity zone in the Pryazovya loess and upper part of the Shyrokyne soil is not associated with the influence of secondary processes on the palaeomagnetic record.

Author Biography

D. V. Hlavatskyi
Institute of Geophysics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

References

1. Bakhmutov, V., Hlavatskyi, D., Stepanchuk, V., Poliachenko, Ie., 2018. Rock magnetism and magnetostratigraphy of loess-palaesol sections – Lower Paleolithic sites of Podolian Upland (Medzhybizh, Holovchintsi). 12th International Conference on Monitoring of Geological Processes and Ecological Condition of the Environment. Kyiv.
2. Bakhmutov, V.G., Hlavatskyi, D.V., 2014a. Opredelenie granicy Matujama–Brjunes po rezul’tatam paleomagnitnyh issledovanij razreza Roksolany (zapadnoe Prichernomor’e) [Identification of the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary by paleomagnetic studies of the Roxolany profile (Western Black Sea region)]. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 10, 92–98 (in Russian).
3. Bakhmutov, V.G., Hlavatskyi, D.V., 2014b. Novye dannye po granice Matujama-Brjunes v razreze Roksolany [New data about Matuyama-Brunhes boundary in Roxolany section]. Geologichniy zhurnal. 2 (347), 73–84 (in Russian).
4. Bakhmutov, V.G., Hlavatskyi, D.V., 2016. Problemy magnitostratigrafii plejstocenovyh lessovopochvennyh otlozhenij juga Ukrainy [Problems of magnetostratigraphy of Pleistocene loess-soil deposits in the South of Ukraine]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 4 (38), 59–75 (in Russian).
5. Bakhmutov, V.G., Kazanskii, A.Yu., Matasova, G.G., Glavatskii, D.V., 2017. Rock magnetism and magnetostratigraphy of the loess-sol series of Ukraine (Roksolany, Boyanychi, and Korshev Sections). Izv. Phys. Solid Earth. 53 (6), 65–86.
6. Bakhmutov, V.G., Mokriak, I.N., Skarboviychuk, T.V., Yakukhno, V.I., 2005. Rezul’taty paleomagnitnyh issledovanij razreza dunajskih terras i problem magnitostratigrafii plejstocena Zapadnogo Prichernomor’ja [Results of palaeomagnetic studies of Danube terraces sections and problems of Pleistocene magnetostratigraphy of the west
Black Sea region]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 6 (25), 980–991 (in Russian).
7. Bogucki, A., Łanczont, M., Gozhik, P., Komar, M., 2013. Lesovyi rozriz Roksolany: roztashuvannia, istoriia doslidzhen, kharakterystyka vidkladiv [Roksolany loess section: location, research history, characteristic of sediments]. In: Bogucki, A. (Ed.). Loess cover of the Northern Black Sea. Proceeding of the XVIII Ukr.-pol. Workshop 8–13
Sept. 2013. KARTPOL s. c., Lublin. 47–58 (in Ukrainian).
8. Bogucki, A., Łanczont, M., Tomeniuk, O., Sytnyk, O., 2012. Deliuvialno-solifliuktsiini protsesy i problemy perevidkladennia i datuvannia paleolitychnykh kulturnykh horyzontiv [Delluvial-solifluctional processes and problems of redeposition and dating of palaeolithic cultural horizons]. Materialy i doslidzhennia z arkheolohii Prykarpattia i Volyni. 16. 55–64 (in Ukrainian).
9. Bolikhovskaya, N.S., Molodkov, A.N., 2006. East European loess-palaeosol sequences: Palynology, stratigraphy and correlation. Quaternary International. 149, 24–36.
10. Bolshakov, V.A., 2008. On the paleomagnetism of loesses and correlation of the Belovo and Volodarka sections (the Ob River Region). Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth. 7 (44), 593–602.
11. Buggle, B., 2011. Reconstruction of the Late and MidPleistocene climate and landscape history in SECentral Europe. Doctoral thesis, University of Bayreuth. 343 pp.
12. Buggle, B., Glaser, B., Zöller, L., Hambach, U., Marković, S., Glaser, I., Gerasimenko, N., 2008. Geochemical characterization and origin of Southeastern and Eastern European loesses (Serbia, Romania, Ukraine). Quaternary Science Reviews. 9–10 (27), 1058-1075.
13. Buggle, B., Hambach, B., Glaser, B., Gerasimenko, N., Marković, S., Glaser, I., Zöller, L., 2009. Stratigraphy, and spatial and temporal paleoclimatic trends in Southeastern/Eastern European loess–paleosol sequences. Quaternary International. 1–2 (196), 86–106.
14. Chadima, M., Hrouda, F. 2006. Remasoft 3.0 a userfriendly paleomagnetic data browser and analyzer. Travaux Geophysiques. XXVII, 20-21.
15. Evans, M., Heller, F., 2003. Environmental Magnetism. Principles and Applications of Enviromagnetics. Academic Press, Elsevier Science. 295 pp.
16. Gozhik, P., Gerasimenko, N., 2011. The lower and middle Pleistocene of Ukraine. In: Gozhik, P. (Ed.). Quaternary studies in Ukraine. Kyiv. 9–26.
17. Gozhik, P., Komar, M., Krokhmal, O., Shovkoplias, V., Khrystoforova, T., Dykan, N., Prylypko, S., 2007. Opornyi rozriz neopleistocenovykh subaeralnykh vidkladiv bilia s. Roksolany (Odeska oblast) [The key section of Neopleistocene subaerial deposits near Roxolany village (Odessa region)]. In: Problemy serednoplejstocenogo interglacialu.
Lviv, Vid. Centr LNU im. I. Franka. 109–128 (in Ukrainian).
18. Gozhik, P., Komar, M., Krokhmal, O., Shovkoplias, V., Khrystoforova, T., Dykan, N., Prylypko, S., 2007. Opornyi rozriz neopleistocenovykh subaeralnykh vidkladiv bilia s. Roksolany (Odeska oblast) [The key section of Neopleistocene subaerialdeposits near Roxolany village (Odessa region)]. In: Problemy serednoplejstocenogo interglacialu.
Lviv, Vid. Centr LNU im. I. Franka. 109–128 (in Ukrainian).
19. Hlavatskyi, D., Bakhmutov, V., Bogucki, A., Voloshyn, P., 2016a. Petromahnetyzm i paleomahnetyzm subaeralnykh vidkladiv rozriziv Boianychi i Korshiv (Volynska vysochyna) [Petromagnetism and paleomagnetism of subaerial deposits of Boyanychi and Korshiv sections (Volhynian Upland)]. Visnyk of Taras Shevchenko National
University of Kyiv: Geology. 1 (72), 43–51 (in Ukrainian).
20. Hlavatskyi, D.V., Kuzina, D.M., Gerasimenko, N.P., Bakhmutov, V.G., 2016b. Petromagnetizm i paleomagnetizm chetvertichnyh lessovopochvennyh otlozhenij razreza Vjazovok (Pridneprovskaja nizmennost’) [Petromagnetism and paleomagnetism of Quarternary loesssoil sediments of Vyazovok section (Dnieper Lowland)]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 6 (38), 186–193 (in Russian).
21. Kirschvink, J.L., 1980. The least squares line and plane and the analysis of palaeomagnetic data. Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc. 62, 699–718.
22. Lindner L., Gozhik P., Marciniak B., Marks L., Yelovicheva Y., 2004. Main climatic changes in the Quaternary of Poland, Belarus and Ukraine. Geological Quarterly. 48 (2), 97–114.
23. Lindner, L., Bogutsky, A., Gozhik, P., Marks, L., Łanczont, M., Wojtanowicz, J., 2006. Correlation of Pleistocene deposits in the area between the Baltic and Black Sea, Central Europe. Geological Quarterly. 50 (1). 195–210.
24. Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Zhu, R., Sun, Y., 2008. Post-depositional remanent magnetization lock in and the location of the Matuyama–Brunhes geomagnetic reversal boundary in marine and Chinese loess sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 275, 102–110.
25. Man, O., 2008. On the identification of magnetostratigraphic polarity zones. Studia Geophysica at Geodaetica. 52. 173–186.
26. Matviishina, Zh., Mel’nichuk, I., Perederyi, V., Gerasimenko, N., 2001. Vyazivok section. In: The Ukraine Quaternary explored. Excursion guide of the SEQS 2001 conference, Ukraine. 23–36.
27. Matviishina, Zh.M., Gerasimenko, N.P., Perederyi, V.I., Bragin, A.M., Ivchenko, A.S., Karmazinenko, S.P., Nagirnyi, V.M., Parkhomenko, O.G., 2010. Prostorovo-chasova koreliatsiia paleoheohrafichnykh umov chetvertynnoho periodu na terytorii Ukrainy [Spatio-temporal correlation of Quaternary palaeogeographic conditions on the territory of Ukraine]. Naukova dumka, Kyiv. 191 pp. (in Ukrainian).
28. Rousseau, D.-D., Gerasimenko, N., Matviischina, Zh., Kukla, G., 2001. Late Pleistocene Environments of the Central Ukraine. Quaternary Research. 56, 349–356.
29. Sirenko, O., 2017. Subaeralni vidklady eopleistotsenu– nyzhnoho neopleistotsenu rivnynnoi chastyny Ukrainy ta yikh palinolohichna kharakterystyka [Subaeral Eopleistocene–Lower Neopleistocene deposits of the plain part of Ukraine and their palynological characteristic]. Dnipropetrovsk University Bulletin. Series: geology, geography. 25 (1), 101–118 (in Ukrainian).
30. Slivinskaya, G.V., Skarboviychuk, T.V., Yakukhno, V.I., Kniazkova, I.L., 2012. Rezul’taty paleomagnitnyh issledovanij plejstocenovyh otlozhenij Priazov’ja (razrez Botievo) [Results of palaeomagnetic studies of Pleistocene deposits of Pryazovye (Botievo section)] Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 6 (34), 79–90 (in Russian).
31. Spassov, S., Heller, F., Evans, M.E., Yue, L.P., von Dobeneck, T., 2003. A lock-in model for the complex Matuyama–Brunhes boundary record of the loess/palaeosol sequence at Lingtai (Central Chinese Loess Plateau). Geophys. J. Int. 155, 350–366.
32. Stepanchuk, V.N., Ryzhov, S.N., Matvyyshyna, Zh.N., 2014. Pervye itogi izucheniya nizhne-paleoliticheskikh mestonakhozhdenyy Medzhybozha [The first results of the study of the Lower Paleolithic locations of Medzhibozh]. Mistseznakhodzhennya Medzhybizh i problemy vyvchennya nyzhn’oho paleolitu Skhidnoyevropeys’koyi rivnyny. 22–48 (in Russian).
33. Stepanchuk, V.N., Veklych, Yu.M., Vetrov, V.S., Karmazynenko, S.P., Komar, M.S., Pohorelets, O.H. (2016). Otchet o rabotakh 2015 g. bliz pht Medzhibozh Letichevskoho r-na Khmel’nytskoy oblasty [Report on works in 2015 near Medzhibozh town of Letichev district of Khmelnytska Oblast]. Kyiv, Institute of Archaeology of NAS Ukraine. 82 pp. (in Russian).
34. Sіrenko, O.A. Bakhmutov, V.G., Nіkіtchenko, І.M., 2008. Novі materіali do vivchennja neoplejstocenovih vіdkladіv pozal’odovikovoї zoni Ukraїns’kogo shhita [New data for studing Neopleistocene deposits of Nonglacial zone of the Ukrainian Shield]. Geologіchnij zhurnal. 4 (325). 113–122 (in Ukrainian).
35. Tauxe, L., Herbert, T., Shackleton, N.J., Kok, Y.S., 1996. Astronomical calibration of the Matuyama– Brunhes boundary: consequences for magnetic remanence acquisition in marine carbonates and the Asian loess sequences. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 140, 133–146.
36. Treatyak, A.N. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 1994. Magnitostratigraficheskaja shkala plejstocena Ukrainy [Magnetostratigraphic scale of Pleistocene of Ukraine]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 2 (16), 3–14 (in Russian).
37. Treatyak, A.N. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., Makarenko, V.N., Dudkin, V.P., 1989. Tonkaja struktura geomagnitnogo polja v pozdnem kajnozoe [Thin structure of geomagnetic field in Late Cenozoic]. Kiev: Nauk. Dumka, 156 pp. (in Russian).
38. Treatyak, A.N., 1983. Estestvennaja ostatochnaja namagnichennost’ i problema paleomagnitnoj stratifikacii osadochnyh tolshh [Natural remnant magnetization and problem of sediments paleomagnetic stratification]. Nauk Dumka, Kyiv. 256 pp. (in Russian).
39. Tretyak, A.N., 1980. Rezhim geomagnitnogo polja v plejstocene i struktura geomagnitnoj epohi Brjunes [Regim of the Pleistocene geomagnetic field and structure of the Brunhes geomagnetic epoch]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 5 (2). 75–87 (in Russian).
40. Tretyak, A.N., Dudkin, V.P., Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 1980. Zakonomernosti izmenenija geomagnitnogo polja v pliocen-chetvertichnoe vremja. [Patterns of changes in the geomagnetic field during the Pliocene-Quaternary]. Preprint. Institute of Geophysics of AS USSR, Kiev. 189 pp. (in Russian).
41. Tretyak, A.N., Dudkin, V.P., Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 1986. Izuchenie dinamiki magnitnogo polja Zemli i voprosy paleomagnitnoj stratigrafii [Studying the dynamics of the Earth’s magnetic field and issues of paleomagnetic stratigraphy]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 1 (8). 28–33 (in Russian).
42. Tretyak, A.N., Shevchenko, A.I., Dudkin, V.P., Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 1987. Paleomagnitnaja stratigrafija opornyh razrezov pozdnego kajnozoja juga Ukrainy [Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of key Late Cenozoic sections of the south of Ukraine]. Preprint. Institute of Geological Sciences of AS USSR, Kiev. 50 pp. (in Russian).
43. Tretyak, A.N., Volok, Z.E., 1976. Paleomagnitnaya stratigrafiya pliotsen-chetvertichnykh osadochnykh tolshch Ukrainy [Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of Pliocene and Quaternary sediments in Ukraine). Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Russian)
44. Veklich, M.F., 1982. Paleojetapnost’ i stratotipy pochvennyh formacij verhnego kajnozoja Ukrainy [Paleostages and stratotypes of soil formations of the Upper Cenozoic]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev. 202 pp. (in Russian).
45. Veklich, M.F., 1987. Problemmy paleoklimatologii [Problems of palaeoclimatology]. Naukova dumka, Kyiv. 190 pp. (in Russian).
46. Veklich, M.F., Artyushenko, A.T., Sirenko, N.A., Dubnyak, V.A., Mel’nichuk, I.V., and Parishkura, S.I., 1967. Opornye razrezy antropogena Ukrainy [Key Sections of the Anthropogene of Ukraine]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev. 13–50 (in Russian).
47. Veklich, M.F., Sirenko N.A., 1972. Opornye geologicheskie razrezy antropogena Ukrainy. Ch.3[Key Sections of the Anthropogene of Ukraine. Part III]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev. 225 pp. (in Russian).
48. Veklich, M.F., Sirenko, N.A., Matviishina, Z.N., Gerasimenko, N.P., Perederij, V.I., Turlo, S.I., 1993. Stratigraficheskie shemy chetvertichnyh otlozhenij Ukrainy [Stratigraphical Schemes of the Quaternary Deposits of Ukraine]. Goskomgeologia of Ukraine, Kiev. Explanatory notes (in Russian).
49. Veklich, M.F., Sirenko, N.A., Matviyishina, Zh.N., 1984. Paleogeograficheskie etapy i detal’noe stratigraficheskoe raschlenenie plejstocena Ukrainy [Paleographic phases and detail stratigraphic partition of Pleistocene of Ukraine]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev. 32 pp. (in Russian).
50. Vetrov, V.S., 2016. Otchet ob issledovanii nizhnepaleoliticheskogo mestonahozhdenija Golovchincy-1 v 2016 [Report on the study of the Lower Paleolithic site Golovchintsy-1]. Kyiv, Institute of Archaeology of NAS Ukraine. 63 pp. (in Russian).
51. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 2001a. Magnetostratigraphy of Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments of the Middle near-Dnieper region. The Ukraine Quаternary explored: the Middle and Upper Pleistocene of the Middle Dnieper area and its importance for the East-West European correlation. Abstracts of the SEQS 2001 conference. Kyiv. 98.
52. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., 2001b. Paleomagnetic section and magnetic properties of Quaternary deposits of the Viazivok site. In: The Ukraine Quaternary explored. Volume of abstracts. Kyiv. 97.
53. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., Tretyak, A.N., 2000. Paleomagnetizm opornyh razrezov pliocen-plejstocenovyh otlozhenij severo-zapadnogo Donbassa [Palaeomagnetism of key Pliocene-Pleistocene sections in North-Western Donbass]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 3 (22). 96-104 (in Russian).
54. Vigilyanskaya, L.I., Tretyak, A.N., 2002. Paleomagnintye issledovanija pliocen-plejstocenovyh otlozhenij lessovo-pochvennoj formacii Srednego Pridneprov’ja [Palaeomagnetic studies of Pliocene-Pleistocene deposits of loess-palaeosol stratum in Middle Dnieper region]. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 5 (24). 36–42 (in Russian).
55. Zhou, L.P., Shackleton, N.J., 1999. Misleading positions of geomagnetic reversal boundaries in Eurasian loess and implications for correlation between continental and marine sediment sequences, Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 168, 117–130.
Published
2019-07-04