Empirical evaluation of preferences by ecological factors of individual welfare of Ukrainians


Keywords: greening, public good, quality, ecological crisis, evaluation

Abstract

Based on polling of citizens of different age groups living in Kyiv, Ternopil, Donetsk, Sumy, Zaporizhia, Poltava and Volyn regions of Ukraine, we tested thehypothesis thatthere is alow demand for the public good « a clean environment». We found that 60% of citizens are not satisfied with the level of awareness about the ecological situation in their places of residence, and that the Internet is the main source of information for respondents under 45 years old, while for the older generation its place is taken by TV. In general, young people are ready to engage in solving environmental problems and are well informed about the existence of international environmental organizations and movements. Up to 90% of the population is concerned about the threat of the global environmental crisis, and as the main threats they named transport and industry. Approximately 80% of citizens recognize ecology as a public good, but morethan 90% are skeptical of the authorities’ actions regarding the resolution of environmental problems, and more than 40% of citizens believe that the environmental situation in their places of residence has deteriorated in recent years. Up to 80% of the respondents consider it appropriate to invest in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but only 9% of respondents are ready to make a significant personal contribution to this. The vast majority of the population is ready to make contributions of not more than 1% of income to ensure a high quality environment, and only 35% of respondents are trying to buy environmentally friendly products. In general, the study confirms the hypothesis that there is a low level of demandamong Ukrainian citizens for environmentally friendly products and a clean environment. We can explain this situation by the existence of numerous unsolved socio-economic problems of the domestic economy.

Author Biographies

O. V. Dluhopolskyi
Ternopil National Economic University
V. V. Koziuk
Ternopil National Economic University
Y. P. Ivashuk
Ternopil National Economic University
O. V. Panukhnyk
Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University
A. A. Virkovska
Ternopil National Economic University

References

1. Callan, S.J., Thomas, J.M., 2000. Environmental Economics and Management: Theory, Policy, and Applications. London: The Dryden Press. 708 p.
2. Carlin, A., 1990. Environmental investments: the cost of a clean environment: a summary. EPA report, EPA-230-12-90-084.
3. de Soto, H., 2001. The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else. London: Black Swan.
4. Dluhopolskyi, O.V., 2017. Ekologichna komponenta stalogo rozvitku: vid teorij do implementacii. Svitfinansiv, Vol.4. [Dluhopolskyi, O.V., 2017.Ecological component of sustainable development: from the theory to implementation. World of Finance, Vol.4] (in Ukrainian)
5. Ekologichnyi portret gromadyanyna Ukrainy: porivnyanna z ES ta rekomendacii. Analytychnyj dokument. RAZ «Suspilstvo i dovkilla», 2018. [Ecological portrait of Ukrainian citizens: comparative analysis with EU and recommendations. Analytical document.RAZ «Society and Ecology», 2018] (in Ukrainian)
6. Ekologichnyi portret gromadyanyna Ukrainy: porivnyanna z ES ta rekomendacii. Analytychnyj dokument. RAZ «Suspilstvo i dovkilla», 2018. [Ecological portrait of Ukrainian citizens: comparative analysis with EU and recommendations. Analytical document. RAZ «Society and Ecology», 2018] (in Ukrainian)
7. Gajdutskyi, I.P., 2014. Investuvanna nizkovugletsevoji economiki: teorija, metodologia, praktika: monographia. K., 374 s. [Gajdutskyi, I.P., 2014. Investment of low carbon economy: theory, methodology and practice: monograph. K., 374 p.] (in Ukrainian)
8. Galeotti, M., Lanza, A., Pauli, F., 2006. Reassessing the Environmental Kuznetz Curve for CO2 Emissions: a Robustness Exercise. Ecological Economics, Vol.57, 152-163.
9. Grossman, G.M., Krueger, A.B., 1991. Environmental impact of a North American Free Trade Agreement. NBER Working Paper, Vol.3914.
10. Haase, D., Kabisch, S., Wolff, M., Haase, A., 2017. Greening cities – to be socially inclusive?About the alleged paradox of society and ecology in cities.Habitat International, Vol.64, 41-48.
11. He, J., Makdissi, P., Wodon, Q., 2007.Corruption, Inequality and Environmental Regulation. Working Paper, Vol.7(13).
12. Koop, G., Tole, L., 2001. Deforestation, Distribution and Development. Global Environmental Change, Vol.11, 193-202.
13. Koziuk, V.V., Dluhopolskyi, O.V., Farion, A.I., Dluhopolska, T.I., 2018. Crony sectors as a barrier to economic well-being and ecologization (case of Ukraine). Economics and Sociology, Vol.11(3), 113-132.
14. Mikhalishev, S.G., Raskina, Y.V., 2016. Ekologicheskaja krivaja Kusnetsa: sluchaj Rossii. Financi i biznes, №1, 17-39. [Mikhalishev, S.G., Raskina, Y.V., 2016. Ecological Kuznetz curve: case of Russia. Financeand Business, №1, 17-39] (inRussian)
15. Ohorona dovkilla ta gromadyany Ukrainy. Doslidzenna praktik, zinnostey ta sudzen. RAZ «Suspilstvo i dovkilla», 2018. [Ecology protection and citizens of Ukraine. Research of practice, values and thinking. RAZ «Society and Ecology», 2018] (in Ukrainian)
16. On the Main Principles (Strategy) of the National Environmental Policy of Ukraine for the Period until 2020: Law of Ukraine. http://kga.gov.ua/dp.kga.gov.ua. (in Ukrainian)
17. Pauli, H., 2010. Synaekonomika. 10 rokiv, 100 innovasij, 100 miljoniv robochih misz. K.: Risk Reduction Foundation. 320 s. [Pauli, H., 2010. Blue economy. 10 years, 100 innovations, 100 million of working places. K.: Risk Reduction Foundation. 320 p.] (in Ukrainian)
18. Ravallion, M., Heil, M., Jyotsna, J., 2000. Carbon Emission and Income Inequality. Oxford Economic Papers, Vol.52(4), 651-669.
19. Socolow, R., Andrews, C., Berkhout, F., Thomas, V., 1994. Industrial Ecology and Global Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
20. Stalij miszevij rozvitok: Zbirka sytuazijnyh vprav dla formuvanna systemy znan ta vmin szodorealizacii strategii stalogo miscevogo rozvitku. K., 2013.
[Sustainable local development. Collection of simulative tasks for formulation knowledge and competitiveness system to realization the sustainable development strategy of local development. K., 2013] (in Ukrainian)
21. The 2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI). Retrieved from: https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/2018-epi-report.
22. Vornovytskyy, M., Boyse, J., 2010. Economic Inequality and Environmental Quality: Evidence of Pollution Shifting in Russia. Working Paper Series, Vol. 217.
Published
2019-04-17