Analysis of the spatial patterns in localization of gold mineralization relative to the system of deep faults in the Chortomlyk greenstone structure of the Ukrainian shield

Keywords: deep faults, metasomatite, gold mineralization, greenstone structure, Middle Pridniprovie megablock, hydrothermal formations


The results of analysisof the patterns of the spatial relationship between hydrothermal gold ore formations and the zones of metasomatites and systems of deep faults within the Chortomlyk greenstone structure of the Middle Pridniprovie megablock in the Ukrainian Shield are given. As a result of studying the localization conditions of gold mineralization, it was established that the gold-bearing mineralization is confined to tectonically fractured zones and is localized among metasomatically altered rocks. The hydrothermal series of metasomatites in the Chortomlyk greenstone structure is represented by greisens, propylites, amphibole-carbonate metasomatites and listvenite-berezites. The mineralization of Au and Mo is associated with metasomatites of the greisen type. The study of spatial relationship between the fields of metasomatites and the gold mineralization and zones of deep faults revealed that the closest relationship is expressed with systems of faults with azimuths of 0° and 270°, 17° and 287°, 77° and 347°. The results of the studies allowed us to develop a newprospecting criterion, which, in turn allows us to state that the gold mineralization within the Chortomlyk greenstone structure is spatially confined to metasomatites related to the schistosity, fracture, millonitization, and cataclase zones with high content of sulphide mineralization. These zones are localized in nodes of intersecting faults of the first order of the system 77° and 347° with discontinuous violations of high orders of azimuths of 0° and 270°, 17°and 287°. The results of the research can be used to develop a set of predictive criteria and the allocation of promising sites of hydrothermal mineralization of gold within the Chortomlyk greenstone structure of the Middle Pridniprovie megablock in the Ukrainian shield.

Author Biographies

I. V. Zhiltsova
Dnipro University of Technology
M. V. Ruzina
Dnipro University of Technology
M. L. Malova
State «Enterprise Pivdenukrgeologia»
N. V. Bilan
Dnipro University of Technology
O. A. Tereshkova
Dnipro University of Technology
A. S. Gardysh
Dnipro University of Technology


1. David I. Groves, Richard J. Goldfarb, M. Santosh, 2016. The conjunction of factors that lead to formation of giant gold provinces and deposits in non-arc settings. Geoscience Frontiers. 7. 3, 303-314.
2. Kent A., Cassidy K., Fanning C., 1996. Archean gold mineralisation synchronous with the final stages of cratonisation, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Geology. 24. 10, 879–882.<0879:AGMSWT>2.3.CO;2
3. Koval V.B., Koptyukh Yu.M., Yaroschuk M.A., Fomin Yu.A., Lapusta V.F., 1997. Zolotorudnyie mestorozhdeniya Ukrainskogo schita [Gold deposits of the Ukrainian shield]. Geology of Ore Deposits. 39. 3, 229-246.(in Russian).
4. Kutina Jan., 1969. Hydrothermal ore deposits in the western united states: The new Concept structural control of distrsbution. Science, 165. 3, 1112-1119.
5. NekrasovE.M., 1988. Zarubezhnyie mestorozhdeniya zolota [Foreign gold deposits]. Moscow: Nedra. 286. (in Russian).
6. RuzinaM.V., 2009. Zakonomernosti rasprostraneniya i rudonosnost polihronnyih metasomaticheskih formatsiy Srednepridneprovskogo megabloka Ukrainskogo schita [Regularities of distribution and ore content of polychromous metasomatic formations of the Middle Pridnieprovie megablock of the Ukrainianshield. Monograph. Dnepropetrovsk. National Mining University. 158. (in Russian).
7. Tyapkin K.F., 2007. Novaya rotatsionnaya gipoteza strukturoobrazovaniya i metallogeniya [New rotational hypothesis of structure formation and metallogeny]. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. 2007. 3, 128-132.(in Russian).
8. Tyapkin K.F., Dovbnich M.M., 2007. Novaya rotatsyonnaya gipoteza strukturoobrazovaniya i ee geologo-matematicheskoye obosnovaniye [New Rotational Hypothesis of Structure Formation and Its Geological-Mathematical Substantiation], Donietsk, Knowledge. 342.(in Russian)
9. Tyapkin K.F., Gontarenko V.N., 1990. Sistemyi razlomov Ukrainskogo schita [Fault systems of the Ukrainian shield]. Kiev: Nauk. dumka 184. (in Russian).
10. Weinberg R.F., Hodkiewicz P.F., Groves D.I., 2004. What controls gold distribution in Archean terranes? Geology. 32. 7, 545–548. doi: 10.1130/G20475.1.
11. Ya-Chun Cai, Hong-Rui Fan, M. Santosh, Fang-Fang Hu, Kui-Feng Yang, Xian-Hua Li, 2018. Decratonic gold mineralization: Evidence from the Shangzhuang gold deposit, eastern North China Craton. Gondwana Research. 54. 1-22.
12. Yang J.H., Wu F.Y., Wilde S.A., 2003. A review of the geodynamic setting of large-scale Late Mesozoic gold mineralization in the North China Craton: an
association with lithospheric thinning. Ore Geology Review,. 23. 125–152.
13. ZhiltsovaI.V., RuzinaM.V., SvistunV.K., 2015. Zakonomernosti raspredeleniya gidrotermalnyih zolotorudnyih formatsiy zelenokamennyih struktur Srednepridneprovckogo megabloka Ukrainskogo schita otnositelno sistem glubinnyih razlomov [Regularities in the distribution of hydrothermal gold formations of greenstone structures of the Middle Pridnieprovie megablock of the Ukrainian Shield with respect to the systems of deep faults]. Monograph. Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, NMU. D.: NGU. 131. (in Russian).
How to Cite
Zhiltsova, I., Ruzina, M., Malova, M., Bilan, N., Tereshkova, O., & Gardysh, A. (2019). Analysis of the spatial patterns in localization of gold mineralization relative to the system of deep faults in the Chortomlyk greenstone structure of the Ukrainian shield. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(3), 537-545.