Recreational skiing in the formation of local settlement systems of Prykarpattya region


Keywords: local settlement systems, recreational skiing, spatial structure of resettlement

Abstract

The formation of local settlement systems is considered on the example of mountainous areas of Ivano-Frankivsk region (Ukraine), so-called Prykarpattya region, and is based on a complex set of factors. Recreational skiing plays an important role in the functioning and development of such systems and is simultaneously an integral part of them. The settlement systems in the mountainous areas of Ivano-Frankivsk region, which are based on recreational skiing are highlighted and investigated, in particular they are: the Kosiv system, the Yaremche-Vorokhta system (consisting of two subsystems of the Yaremche and Vorokhta -Yablunytsya), the Verkhovyna system and autonomous centers of recreational skiing in the villages Vyshkiv and Guta . Their detailed profile in demographic terms, including migration processes; natural resource possibilities; socio- economic potential and interaction with recreational skiing is outlined. The methodological principles of the spatial structure formation of local settlement systems are based on the following states of the system approach: - the main territorial-planning elements of the systems are defined: skiing complexes (one large enterprise or a group of enterprises) with a ski area and a development zone; center of the system, which is a tourist center with services, production and transport; settlements with rural territories and enterprises of the agro-industrial complex; valuable landscape (national parks, nature reserves); focal points of tourist destinations;- functional and spatial associations of ski recreation facilities with settlements, recreational, natural and nature-protected areas, and engineering-transport infrastructure are established;- the approximate boundaries of systems are determined on the basis of spatial, functional and labour relations, types of their territorial-spatial structure, distances between settlements accepted within the radius of one hour transport accessibility.Planning types, directions and trends of development and spatial transformation of local settlement systems with recreational skiing are identified. The role and significance of local settlement systems with recreational skiing as an urban planning object is demonstrated within the general system of recreational zoning.

Author Biographies

I. Rusanova
Department of Urban Planning and Design, Institute of Architecture, Lviv Polytechnic National University
Y. Onufriv
Department of Urban Planning and Design, Institute of Architecture, Lviv Polytechnic National University;
A. Ignatyuk
Department of Urban Planning and Design, Institute of Architecture, Lviv Polytechnic National University

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Published
2018-11-02
How to Cite
Rusanova, I., Onufriv, Y., & Ignatyuk, A. (2018). Recreational skiing in the formation of local settlement systems of Prykarpattya region. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(2), 323-331. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111856