Labile technogenic geological system of the flooded Shevchenko salt mine (Ukraine)


Keywords: rock salt, salt mine, destructive processes, deformations, Earth’s surfacesubsidence, monitoring

Abstract

This paper presents the analog ecological-mining-geological model of the labile technogenic geological system created at the Shevchenko flooded salt mine area within Artyomovsk rock salt deposit, which is the largest rock salt deposit in Europe. Description of all the system elements taking into account their interconnection and interaction are presented on the basis of the analytical processing and compilation of basic mining and geological data as well as the results of the long-term complex ecological-mining-geological monitoring.The paper describes both the geology of the mine area and the condition assessment of the mine including its shape, parameters, and layout. In addition, scientific interpretation of the mechanism of multi-act intrasystem destructive processes, which have been taking place in the last few decades are provided. Natural and technogenic factors determining the development of the created technogenic geological system (such as man-made karst and critical geomechanical deformations) are summarized and analysed. Predictive evaluation of the time-dependent deformation processes development has been carried out using theexisting methodology for assessing the geomechanical condition of the mined-out area of the salt massive. Correctness of the method for evaluation of stability of the unsupported workings system currently in use for the Artyomovsk rock salt deposit development has been confirmed. This work concerns the scientific problems of maintenance of the geo-ecological safety in the densely populated areas disturbed by underground salt mining. Hereinabove research results add information and analytical base to improve the deformation control system for ductile salt layers in various dynamic conditions of man-caused and natural loads. It is shown that such control is required for the aim of reduction of environmental risks and ensuring the safe operation of salt deposits, salt resources protection as well as infrastructure objects at the Earth’s surface nearby sites of modern salt mining activity.

Author Biographies

L. Bosevska
Ukrainian Salt Research Institute
Anirban Chowdhury
Sidhu Kanu Birsha University

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Published
2018-11-02
How to Cite
Bosevska, L., & Chowdhury, A. (2018). Labile technogenic geological system of the flooded Shevchenko salt mine (Ukraine). Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(2), 184-201. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111844