The main components of the formation of recreational and tourism activity


Keywords: recreation, tourists' activity, destination, recreational and tourist resources, geographical principles, inter-sectoral complex

Abstract

The article considers the issues of further development of the conceptual apparatus of such a direction as recreation and tourism and the question of determining the various directions and components of recreation and tourism economy. The purpose of this work is to identify the main components of recreational and tourist activity as an integral part of the inter-sectoral complex. It is stressed that tourism activity can be viewed from the standpoint of the economy, because it has all the features of the economy, although this approach is not widespread. It is also possible to study the recreation and tourism sector as a type of economic activity. Recreational and tourist activity is considered as a service market, both as a social system and as an economic system. It was emphasized that in geography and regional economy, recreational and tourist activity is considered as an inter-sectoral complex. A pivotal problem is the definition of objects and entities in systemic relations, where, depending on the nature of the system, tourists can act as objects and subjects. It was established that the formation of the subject area of recreational and tourist activity is based on geographical concepts, including the concept of «touristdestination», the concept of territorial organization of the population and economy, the concept of territorial recreational systems. The position of geographers in the development of the subject area of tourism enhances resource orientation of tourism activity; we note that the resource is both population and tourist destinations. In the article we considered the Ukrainian taxonomy of types of economic activities, which are directly involved in tourism and recreation. It is determined that tourism and recreation sector occupy a special place in the sphere of services. In essence, tourist services are multi–component, and the tourist product itself combines the result of the activities of enterprises that carry out completely different activities. The schematically structured recreation and tourism complex by types of activities indicates the formation of areas of economic activity and industry directly related to recreation and tourism, such as mass recreation of the population – unorganized and organized, and tourism, the sphere of recreation. Thus, the representation ofrecreation and tourism activity as an inter-branch complex offers new possibilities for forecasting its development and formation of new directions of use of recreational and tourist resources.

Author Biographies

V. V. Yavorska
Odesa I .I. Mechnykov National University
I. V. Hevko
Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University
V. A. Sych
Odesa I .I. Mechnykov National University
K. V. Kolomiyets
Odesa I .I. Mechnykov National University

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Published
2018-07-10
How to Cite
Yavorska, V., Hevko, I., Sych, V., & Kolomiyets, K. (2018). The main components of the formation of recreational and tourism activity. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(1), 148-155. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111840