The Kryvyi Rih Area Topographic Maps of Various Historic Periods as an Information Resource for Retrospective Studies


  • I. V. Kholoshyn
  • O. V. Bondarenko
  • I. M. Varfolomeeva
  • O. V. Hanchuk
  • S. V. Mantulenko
Keywords: time-lapse topographic maps, Kryvyi Rih territory, accuracy, authenticity, retrospective studies

Abstract

The results of the medium- and large-scale topographic maps study of Kryvyi Rih territory in different years of their publication, revealing the natural and anthropogenic condition of the territory, are dwelt upon in the article. The region is actually presenting a testing site for the long-term impact of the technosphere on the population and the environment to be studied. Spatial-temporal analysis provides an opportunity to completely re-examine many aspects in this problem. On the basis of complex historical, geographical, cartographic and mathematical-statistical methods of spatial analysis, an assessment of different cartographic materials is made from the point of view of their accuracy, reliability and comparability, which made it possible to select maps suitable for retrospective studies and solve a wide range of applied problems. It has been determined that: 1. The topographic measurements were not highly accurate before the beginning of the 20th century. So the first maps of Kryvyi Rih in general were made "by hand" and their error often exceeds half a kilometer. The mensul survey, the main type of topographic survey in the period of the Tsarist Russia, ensured a reduction in the error for the most important objects to 50-150 meters; however, secondary objects (rivers, country roads, vegetation zones, etc.) were still marked arbitrarily. 2. The standard metric system on topographic maps began to be used from the mid-30s of the 20th century. Until then, the distance on the terrain was measured by miles (1066, 781 m), and by English inches (2.54 cm) on maps. Consequently, it becomes necessary to transform units of length measures into modern indicators. In addition, it is necessary to check the scale, because it was of a formal nature in early topographic works. 3. For more than two hundred years of topographic studies of the region, the maps were created in different standards. For example, the Schubert map is executed in a pseudoconical, equal-sized Born projection, the Strelbitsky map is a conical equal projection of Lambert, whereas the General Headquarters map of the USSR is a transverse cylindrical conformal map projection of Gauss-Krueger. In this regard, when combining different maps, even when they are brought to the same scale, spatial shifts of the survey objects are observed. In addition, their coordinates do not coincide, and if the latitude is not so significant, then the longitude coordinates vary in significant ranges. This is due, first of all, to the change in the basic meridian, from which the longitude reading was taken. 4. In compiling the majority of topographic maps of the region, earlier cartographic materials were widely used, which were updated with some degree of detail. As a result, many of the maps do not reflect the actual situational picture of the terrain at the time of their creation. Carrying out a retrospective analysis of Kryvyi Rih territory on the basis of a detailed study of the above-mentioned topographic items using GIS is the prospect of the further research.

Author Biographies

I. V. Kholoshyn
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University
O. V. Bondarenko
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University
I. M. Varfolomeeva
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University
O. V. Hanchuk
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University
S. V. Mantulenko
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University

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Published
2018-03-30
How to Cite
Kholoshyn, I., Bondarenko, O., Varfolomeeva, I., Hanchuk, O., & Mantulenko, S. (2018). The Kryvyi Rih Area Topographic Maps of Various Historic Periods as an Information Resource for Retrospective Studies. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 26(1), 88-99. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111810