Target-oriented geological industrial assessment of Tereblya salt dome structure (Transcar-pathia)

  • L. P. Bosevska Ukrainian Salt Research Institute, Bakhmut
Keywords: rock salt, salt diapir, functional properties, structural and lithological pattern, salt strata using, favourable site selection


Tereblya salt structure is under consideration at different levels as one of geological objects for Transcarpathian salt industry recovery after emergency reduction of activities of the single salt-producing enterprise of the region in Solotvyno. Despite fulfilled detailed exploration of the Tereblya rock salt deposit towards the middle of the last century, its commercial significance had been staying indefinite until quite recently. This paper first presents the preliminary geological industrial assessment of the Tereblya salt massive by the results of specialized target oriented evaluation based on innovative methodological approaches to the study of salt massifs properties as objects of human made intervention. The basic methodical procedures of the geological industrial assessment performing are reinterpretation and expert harmonization of actual geological deposit data of various professional levels from different years and modern theoretical approaches to assessing of salt strata industrial characteristics, taking into account the established pattern of interconditionality of structural-lithological types of salt rocks and their operational and technological characteristics. Under rock salt research process, concept “functional evaluation” is used. It means finding of all properties of salt massive rock (functional) determining the possibility and expediency of its use for the creation of underground facilities for various purposes, namely raw material value and principal suitability for human-made intervention ensuring the minimization of environmental risks and protection of salt resources. Acknowledged methodological principles of target-oriented investigations of salt massifs environment by structural-lithological modeling have been used to identify spatial location of structural elements with different functional properties in the salt massif volume. Moreover the nomenclative assessment of modern rock salt reserves status has been accomplished as well as recommendations for reserves preparing to use have been developed. As a result of fulfilled geological industrial assessment the feasible uses of the salt structure have been indicated, promising sites for creation of exploration objects –by directions with an allowance for ecological-geological and techno-economic criteria for selection of favorable sites have been pointed, the options for investment decisions have been proposed. Furthermore, the minimum required complex of additional geological-technological testing of rock salt has been emphasized to make correct investment decisions and develop a detailed geological and economic assessment of this deposit. 

Author Biography

L. P. Bosevska, Ukrainian Salt Research Institute, Bakhmut
Ukrainian Salt Research Institute


Andrieieva-Hryhorovych, A., Ponomarova, L., Prykhod-ko, M., Semenenko, V., 2009. Stratyhrafiia neohenovykh vidkladiv Zakarpatskoho prohynu [Stratigraphy of Neogene deposits of the Transcarpathian depression]. Geology and geochemistry of combustible minerals, 2 (147), 58 – 70 (in Ukrainian).
Atlas “Heolohiia i korysni kopalyny Ukrainy. Masshtab 1:5 000 000” [Geology and minerals of Ukraine], 2001. Kyiv (in Ukrainian). ISBN966-02-2139-8.
Barjah, А.А., Konstantinova, S.A., Asanov, V.A., 1996. Deformirovanie soljanyh porod [Straining of rock salt]. Ekaterinburg: Mining Institute of the Ural Branch of the RAS (in Russian).
Bokun, A.N., 1981. Soljanye struktury Solotvinskoj vpadiny [Salt structures of the Solotvino de-pression]. Кyiv: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).
Bosevska, L.P., 2010. Osnovnye principy inzhenerno-geologicheskoj ocenki soljanyh massivov, ispol'zovanie ih kak sredy dlja sooruzhenija podzemnyh ob’ektov razlichnogo naznachenija [Significant geological engineering assessment salt massifs, using them as an environment for construction of multipurpose underground objects]. Visn. Dnipropetr. Univ. Ser. Geol. Geogr., 12(18), 3/2, 37 – 46 (in Russian). doi: 10.15421/111018
Bosevska, L.P., Khrushchov, D.P., Lobasov, O.P., Kyrpach, 2010. Tsyfrova model Solotvynskoi solianokupolnoi struktury [Solotvyno salt dome structure digital model]. Collection of scient.-works of IGS NASU, Kyiv, Vol. 3, 248 – 255 (in Ukrainian)
Bosevska, L.P., 2013. Strukturno-litologicheskaja harak-teristika soljanyh diapirov Zakarpat'ja [Structural-lithologic characteristics of the Transcarpathia salt diapirs]. Visn. Dnipropetr. Univ. Ser. Geol. Geogr., 15(21), 37 – 46 (in Russian). doi: 10.15421/111307.
Bosevska, L.P., Khrushchov, D.P., 2011. Nadzvychaina ekolohichna sytuatsiia v Solotvyno: heolohichni prychyny i stratehiia rozviazannia problemy [Emergency environmental situation in Solotvyno: geological causes and strategy of problem solution]. Visn. Dnipropetr. Univ. Ser. Geol. Geogr., 13 (19), 80 – 90 (in Ukrainian). doi: 10.15421/111117
Bosevska, L.P., Kyrpach, Yu.V., 2013. Celevoe strukturno-litologicheskoe modelirovanie Tere-bljanskogo soljanogo diapira [Target oriented structural-lithological modeling of the Tere-blyanskiy salt diaper]. Proceedings of the 5th Ukrainian scientific conference of young scien-tists, November 19 – 20, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine, 19 – 20. (in Russian).
Chabanovich L.B., Khrushchov, D.P., 2008. Nauchno-tehnicheskie osnovy sooruzhenija i jeksplu-atacii podzemnyh hranilishh v kamennoj soli [Scientific and technical foundations of under-ground salt storage facilities construction and operation]. Кyiv: Varta (in Russian).
Cooper, Antony H., 2002. Halite karst geohazards (natural and man-made) in the United Kingdom. Environmental Geology, Vol. 42, is. 5, 505 – 512. doi: 10.1007/s00254-001-0512-9
Gutirrez, F., Johnson, K., Cooper, A., 2008. Evaporate-karst processes, landforms, and environmental problems. Environmental Geology, 53 (5). 935 – 936.
Hutorskoj, M.D., Teveleva E.A., Cybulja, L.A., Urban, G.J., 2010. Teplovoj potok v soljanokupol'nyh bassejnah Evrazii - sravnitel'nyj analiz [Сomparative analysis of warm stream into salt domes basins of Eurasia]. Geotectonic. 4, 3 – 19 (in Russian).
Jeremic, M.L., 1994. Rock mechanics in salt mining. Laureutian University, Sudbury, Canada. Roterdam: Balkema. – III. ISBN 9789054101031
Khrushchov, D.P., Danishurka, N.A., 2002. Strukturno-litolohichni modeli solianokupolnykh struktur [Structural and lithological patterns of salt dome structures]. Geol. journ., no. 4, 67 – 77 (in Ukrainian).
Khrushchov, D.P., Bosevska, L.P., Kyrpach, Iu.V., Stepaniuk, O.V., 2009. Metodolohichni ta prak-tychni aspekty vyznachennia zakhyshchenosti solianykh tovshch [Methodological and practi-cal aspects of salt strata protection determina-tion]. Int. scient.-pract. conf. “Environmental security: problems and solutions” (Alushta, September, 7 – 9), Vol. I. Kharkiv: Raider, 99 – 104 (in Ukrainian).
Khrushchov, D.P., Bosevska, L.P., Kyrpach, Yu.V., Ste-panuyk, O.V., 2010. Human made intervention into salt massifs environment: mechanisms, factors, results and ecological problems. Int. Conf. “GeoDarmstadt 2010 – Geosciences Secure the Future”. Darmstadt, Germany, October 10 – 13, 305 – 306.
Khrushchov, D.P., Bosevska, L.P., 2014. Environmental problems of salt mining in Ukraine. GEM NEWS, 22, 11 – 16.
Khrushchov, D.P., Bosevska, L.P., Kyrpach, Yu.V., 2016. Overall geological industrial assessment of salt resources in the Carpathian region of Ukraine. Vіsn. Dnіpropetr. Unіv. Ser. Geol., geogr., is.19, Vol. 24(2), 137 – 148. doi: 10.15421/111642
Looff, Karl M. & Looff, Kurt M., 1998. Geologic Evalu-ation for Domal Salt Storage Projects. SMRI Spring Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 19 – 22, 182 – 209.
Nazary Moghadam, S., Mirzabozorg H., Noorzad A. & Nazokkar K., 2012. Stability analysis of caverns excavated in heterogeneous salt formations. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 5, 8 (August), 3128 – 3031. ISSN: 0874-6846
Raluca, F., Naş, S., Poruţiu, A., Sălăgean, T., 2015. Con-sideration regarding the overall stability of voids created in salt massifs following exploitation by dissolution. Agriculture – Science and Practice, 3 – 4 (95 – 96), 120 – 122.
Roy, H. Gabrielsen, Fort, Xavier & Martinsen, Ole, 2008. Salt: Deformation, Trapping and Complexities. GEO ExPro. May. 56 – 58.
Shekhunova, S.B., 2001. Pro vnutrishniu budovu soli-anokupolnykh struktur (za litolohichnymy danymy) [About internal composition of salt-dome structures (according to lithological da-ta)]. Geol. Journal, 1, 48−54 (in Ukrainian).
How to Cite
Bosevska, L. (2017). Target-oriented geological industrial assessment of Tereblya salt dome structure (Transcar-pathia). Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 25(2), 4-22.