Features composition of coal seams of suite C14 of Donetsk Basin


  • V. Savchuk National Mining University of Ukraine
  • V. Prikhodchenko National Mining University of Ukraine
  • D. Prikhodchenko National Mining University of Ukraine
  • D, Tolubets National Mining University of Ukraine
Keywords: coal, petrographic composition, maceral, coalification, vitrinit, inertinite, liptinite

Abstract

Historically Donbas basin area is subdivided into five groups according to the coal industry location: Old, Western, Northern, Eastern, and Southern Donbas. Old Donbas covers basic groups of geological and industrial coal areas. Intense coal mining within this area was accompanied by a number of operations to have thorough study of coal quality and composition as well as to substantiate their efficient industrial use. Northern Donbas and partially Western Donbas are the least studied areas. In accordance with the existing fuel and energy balance of Ukraine and trends of development of the coal resources of the country, an important task is the rational use of existing stocks of coal. The article provided a detailed petrographic and petrogenetic characteristics of the coal seams suite C14 from the Donetsk basin. Suite C14 is different from the lower deposits more pronounced marine character of the sediments. Its power reaches up to 810 m, decreasing to the North-West to 609-590 M. In the world to 29 coal seams and layers of which the industrial importance only layers d4and d3. In the small separated areas of the field, Coal seams d41, d61and d81 reach operating power. Study of petrographic composition of coal suite C14 was held. Peculiarities of chemical composition and coal quality of Krutoyarovka and Krasnoarmeyskaya areas have been described. Stratigraphic and lateral regularities of variations in petrographic composition of coal seams d were established. It was found, that the area of distribution of all the formations, from the South-West to North-East, is a natural decrease in the number macular group of inertinite and liptinite. It was determined that coal from the lower Carboniferous of Donbas layers are characterized by high content of vitrinite group, and a low content of a group of liptinite. The upper group of layers differs from coal in the middle Carboniferous by high content group of inertinite, and the coal of the lower group of layers of the high content group of liptinite, which corresponds to the petrographic composition of middle Carboniferous coal, but differs from it by a high degree of primary oxidation. On the territory of Ukraine, the coal seams of the Buzhanskiy suite of the Lviv-Volynsk basin are analogues of the coal seam d61, d8 і d81, according to the petrographic composition.Keywords: coal, petrographic composition, maceral, coalification, vitrinit, inertinite, liptinite 

Author Biographies

V. Savchuk, National Mining University of Ukraine
Doctor of Geological Sciences, professorNational Mining University of Ukraine
V. Prikhodchenko, National Mining University of Ukraine
Doctor of Geological Sciences, professorNational Mining University of Ukraine
D. Prikhodchenko, National Mining University of Ukraine
 National Mining University of Ukraine
D, Tolubets, National Mining University of Ukraine
National Mining University of Ukraine

References

Eremin I. V., Bronovec T. M. 1994. Marochnyj sostav uglej i ih racional'noe ispol'zovanie [Mark of coal composition and their rational use]. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).
Ginzburg A.I., Korzhenevskaya E.S., Volkova I.B. 1975. Petrograficheskie tipy uglej SSSR [Petrographic types of coals of the USSR]. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).
Kaftan YU. S., Drozdnik I. D., Toryanik S. S., Bidolenko N. B., Davidzon A. P. 2002. Tekhnologicheskaya cennost' uglej shahty „Krasnoarmejskaya Zapadnaya № 1” [The technological value of Coal of mine "Krasnoarmeiskaya Zapadnaya No. 1"]. Uglekhimicheskij zhurnal, 3-4, 3-7 (in Russian).
Kovalev E. T., Drozdnik I. D., Davidzon A. R., Zolotarev I. V. 2001. O koksuemosti uglya shahty „Krasnoarmejskaya Zapadnaya № 1” [About coking coal of mine "Krasnoarmeiskaya Zapadnaya No. 1"]. Ugol' Ukrainy, 11- 12, 22-24 (in Russian).
Levenshtejn M. L, Mishchenko S. N., Petrovskij YU. V., Sherij L. I. 1969. Promyshlennoe mestorozhdenie Namyurskih uglej v Doneckom bassejne [Industrial deposit of coals of the Namur formation in the Donetsk basin]. Geologicheskij zhurnal, 5, 14-24 (in Russian).
Levenshtejn M.L., Lifshic M.M. 1959. Zakonomernosti izmeneniya svojstv uglej v nizhnem karbone Doneckogo bassejna (ploshchad' Petropavlovka – Kal'mius) [Laws of change of properties of coal in the Lower Carboniferous of Donets basin (area Petropavlivka - Kalmius)]. Issledovanie i klassifikaciya uglej, Moscow (in Russian).
Savchuk V.S. 2002 Petrograficheskij sostav i himiko-tekhnologicheskie svojstva uglej svity С14 Zapadnogo Donbassa [Petrographic composition and chemical-technological properties of coals of the С14 formation of the Western Donbass]. Vіsn. Dnіpropetr. Unіv. Ser. Geol. Geogr. 4, 92-98 (in Russian).
Savchuk V., Rudakov D., Prykhodchenko D. 2016. Ocenka kachestva uglej uchastka “Uspenovskij №2” Zapadnogo donbassa na osnovanii statisticheskogo analiza ego himiko-tekhnologicheskih svojstv [Assessment of coal quality on the site “Uspenivska No 2” in Western Donbas based on the statistical analysis of its chemical and technological properties]. Mining of Mineral Deposits, 10(4), 112-119 (in Russian) https://doi.org/10.15407/mining10.04.098
Savchuk V., Prykhodchenko V., Buzylo V., Prykhodchenko D., Tykhonenko V. 2013. Complex use of coal of Northern part of Donbass. Mining of Mineral Deposits, 112-119. https://doi.org/10.1201/b16354-34
Savchuk V., Prykhodchenko V., Prykhodchenko D., Tykhonenko V. 2014. Petrographic characteristic of middle carboniferous coal of Bashkirian formation in Lozovskoi coal area of Western Donbas. Progressive Technologies of Coal, Coalbed Methane, and Ores Mining, 417-421. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17547-71
Vyrvich G.P., Inosova K.I., Lapteva P.M. 1975. Iskhodnyj material, usloviya ego nakopleniya i prevrashcheniya [The starting material, the conditions for its accumulation and transformation]. Petrologiya paleozojskih uglej SSSR, Nedra, Moscow, 87- 92 (in Russian).
Zhykaliak M., Lukinov V. 2016. Improve state regulation of sustainable development of energy resources Ukraine. Mining of Mineral Deposits, 10(2), 97-105. https://doi.org/10.15407/mining10.02.097
Published
2017-06-25
How to Cite
Savchuk, V., Prikhodchenko, V., Prikhodchenko, D., & Tolubets, D. (2017). Features composition of coal seams of suite C14 of Donetsk Basin. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 25(1), 63-71. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111708