Environmental aspects of mine closure abroad


  • S. K. Kolopats Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
Keywords: hydrogeological monitoring, environmental protection, water resources

Abstract

Since ancient times, the humanity has been involved into the exploration and production of minerals from the Earth’s crust. It is building materials, oil or precious metals. With the industry development, the extraction methods have changed - from quarries to mines and wells (e.g. for oil extractor by fountain manner, or extraction of drinking and industrial water). However, the environment concern has become actual only recently. Extracted careers were wasted and become artificial at ravines or were flooded and turned into lakes. Depleted mines collapsed and were flooded. The article aims at showing possible ways of solving ecological and hydrogeological problems that inevitably arise in the mining industry, as well as at the analyzing need for their implementation in the mining regions of Ukraine. This research is actual, because it considers the possibility to gain experience of the countries, which are more developed in this sphere. On the territory of mining regions of Ukraine (including Western Donbas) out-of-date nature protection methods are used and large, potentially useful (for example, for agriculture) territories are covered with mine dumps. Ponds-stores are exploited without a screening for the downthrow of mine waters of high mineralization. All this has a negative impact on the environment, hydrogeological terms and underwaters, therefore it is necessary to consider alternative methods that are used abroad. For the decision of problems arising as a result of out-of-date technologies, after the closure of mines there remain a great number of negative technogenic factors that must be properly removed by the effective complex of nature protection measures of hydrogeological focus. This article gives the review of foreign publications and submits certain examples of mine closure in the last years, together with the current plan of mine closure. According to the achieved results in solving of nature protection problems in foreign countries, it is possible to draw a conclusion, that similar measures can  successfully be used for the mining regions of Ukraine, in particular on Western Donbas. One of the mentioned decisions is the imposition the responsibility for contaminated sites for a company-miner, rather than the state. 

Author Biography

S. K. Kolopats, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
graduate student,Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University

References

Canada, Natural Resources Canada. Mine Closure, Mining Sequence: Mining Information for Aboriginal Communities, 2011; Retrieved from: http://www.nrcan.gc.ca
Canada, Environment Canada. About Environmental Effects Monitoring, (2011); Retrieved from:https://www.ec.gc.ca/esee-eem/
Champigny, N. , 1991. International Survey of Mine Reclamation and Funding, Proceedings of the 15th Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium; The Technical and Research Committee on Reclamation. Retrieved from https://open.library.ubc.ca
Contaminated Land: Applications in Real Environments. Mine Water Treatment at Wheal Jane Tin Mine, Cornwall. Case Study Bulletin (2004); Retrieved from http://www.claire.co.uk
Hutchison, I.P.G. and R.D. Ellison, 1992, Mine Waste Management. Chelsea, Michigan : Lewis Publishers, Inc.Lottermoser, B., 2010, Mine Wastes: Characterization, Treatment and Environmental Impacts, Springer: New York. p.400.
Mine Closure Plan McArthur River Mine Phase 3 Development Project. (January 2012). Retrieved from http://www.mcarthurrivermine.com.au
Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development (MMSD) Project, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development, 2002, Earthscan for IIED and WBCSD. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org Minerals Resources Education Program of BC. Myra Falls; Retrieved from http://www.mineralsed.ca
Rankin, W.J., 2011, Minerals, metals and sustainability: meeting future material needs. Collingwood, Vic.: CSIRO Pub.
Shvartsev S.L., 1996. Obshchaya Hydrogeologiya. Moskva. : NEDRA (in Russian)
Welchman, B. and C. Aspinall. A Sustainable Legacy: Utilizing Mine Assets Post-Closure Island Copper Mine, Proceedings of the 24th Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium,; C. Aspinall The Technical and Research Committee on Reclamation. Retrieved from: https://circle.ubc.ca
Wolkersdorfer, C., 2008, Chapter 11: Mine Water Treatment and Ground Water Protection in Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines: Fundamentals, Tracer Tests, Modelling, Water Treatment. International Mine Water, Editors. 2008, Springer: Berlin. p. 235 – 277.
Published
2016-12-28
How to Cite
Kolopats, S. (2016). Environmental aspects of mine closure abroad. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 24(2), 47-54. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111632