Analysis of scientific approaches to the typology and classification of natural forest landscape


  • M. M.` Melnichuk Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University
  • V. Yu. Chabanchuk Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University

Abstract

This article analyzes the process of formation of modern forest typology in Ukraine. The study deals with the different stages of the research forest typology science from its beginnings to the modern stage. We explored the works of scientists representa- tives of two main directions in the forests typology, such as botanical and ecological. One of them has developed in the north of Russia, where forest landscapes did not suffer from the human impact. This area of forest typology was developed in the works of A. K Kayander, V. M. Sukachov and his students. Another trend appeared in Ukraine, where forests have undergone human activities. This trend has developed in the works of E. V. Alekseev, P. S. Pogrebnyak, D. V. Vorobov and others. As a result, our research presents links between the works of various scientists, its found differences between the main areas of forest typology, their advantages and disadvantages. In a botanical approach forest type identified with plant association. On the other hand, ecological direction of forest typological classification takes into account environmental conditions. Based on the analysis it should be noted that in the XXI century forest typology science іs declining. Although it has experienced its heyday in the XIX century, when the theoretical foundations of the science were formulated. Since only a few scientists continue to study forest types (for example Veresin M. M., Belous V. I., Holubec M. A. and others), their works are narrowly directed and apply only to a particular forest type (for example oak) or a particular region. At present time many scientists have devoted their research to anthropogenic forest landscapes, including Davydchuk V.S., Denysyk G. I., Molchanova A. A. They continue works of MilkovF. M. and focus their attention on the impact of human and economic activities on the forest landscapes. As a result, it should be noted the necessity of restoring and deeper studying of previous experience of forest typology science and its future develop- ment. It is necessary to introduce anthropogenic landscapes to forest typology, although pay more attention to natural forest landscapes for the rational use of forest resources and preserving as much as possible the natural habitat of forests and slowing antropohenization.Keywords: forest typology, forest type, planting type, edaphic grid, phytosociology

Author Biographies

M. M.` Melnichuk, Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University
Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National Dean of the Faculty of Geology and Geography, Dr. in geology;
V. Yu. Chabanchuk, Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University
Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University 

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Published
2016-05-31
How to Cite
Melnichuk, M., & Chabanchuk, V. (2016). Analysis of scientific approaches to the typology and classification of natural forest landscape. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 24(1), 90-97. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111613