Patterns of migration and distribution of salt for areas reclamation Western Donbass as factor of ecological state of man-made landscapes


  • A. A. Kroik Oles Honhcar Dnipropetrovsk National University,

Abstract

The environmental state of the areas which are contain man-made landscapes are highly relevant for Ukraine. It is associated with a significant decrease in the area of arable land. The main reason is the removal of toxic components of waste that       fall into surface and ground water, arable soil, to the detriment of people’s health. Solving these problems is complex and requires specialized scientific approaches that allow obtaining reliable results. These results are based the development of waste minimization methods on the impact of environmental objects. The studies of the content of soluble salts in different types of geologic rock mine in Western Donbass. It is proved that the difference in the chemical composition and the number of submitted from flat dumps in the surrounding objects mine rock salt environment is closely linked to the technical conditions of waste storage. The flow of the processes of modern weathering of rocks from the dumps depends on the formation and removal of toxic salts. We proved the laws and the types of weathering that minimize environmental pollution can be achieved by overlapping mine rock at the surface, an insulating layer of sand, clay and soil. The parameters allow defining the type of weathering process.Keywords: mine tailings, the chemical composition of the salts in depth and area

Author Biography

A. A. Kroik, Oles Honhcar Dnipropetrovsk National University,
 professor of the Department of Life Safety, Dr. geologіcal SciencesOles Honhcar Dnipropetrovsk National University,

References

Akinfiev, N.N., Baronetskaya, L.D., Osmolovskiy, I.S., Shvets, V.M., 2001. Fiziko-himicheskaya model formirovaniya sostava vod otvalov gornodobyivayuschih predpriyatiy [Physico-chemical model of the composition of water dumps of mining companies] Geoecology. 5, 411-419 (in Russian).

Kalabin, G.V., Mazuhina, S.I., Malinovskiy, D.N., Sandimirov, S.S., 2000. Issledovanie protsessov vyivetrivaniya miner- alnyih othodov dobyichi i pererabotki apatito-nefelinovyih rud [Investigation of the processes of weathering of mineral wastes of mining and processing of apatite- nepheline ores] Geoecology. 1, 111-116 (in Russian).

Mazuhina, S.I., Kalabin, G.V., Karzhavin, V.K., Karpov, I.K., 1997 Fiziko-himicheskoe modelirovanie protsessa vyischelachivaniya nefelina pod vozdeystviem kislyih atmosfernyih osadkov [Physico-chemical modeling of the leaching process nepheline under the influence of acid precipitation] Geoecology. 5, 96-101 (in Russian).

Romanenko, G.N., Tanatar-Barash, Z.I., Dudnik, N.F., 1978. Protsessyi sovremennogo vyivetrivaniya otvalnyih shaht- nyih porod i ih rol v izmenenii himizma podzemnyih i poverhnostnyih vod v Zapadnom Donbasse [The pro- cesses of modern mine dump weathering of rocks and their role in changing the chemistry of groundwater and surface water in Zapadnyi Donbass] Questions hy- drological forecasts, due to irrigation land and water, 97-108 (in Russian).

Zverev, V.P., 1997. Vzaimodeystvie prirodnyih vod s gornyimi porodami i himicheskoe vyivetrivanie [The interaction of natural waters with rocks and chemical weathering] Geoecology. 1, 70-78 (in Russian).
Published
2017-05-31
How to Cite
Kroik, A. (2017). Patterns of migration and distribution of salt for areas reclamation Western Donbass as factor of ecological state of man-made landscapes. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 24(1), 43-47. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111607