Organizational and legal aspects of the standard geological sections conservation


  • G. V. Anfimova National Museum of Natural History NAS of Ukraine, Kiev,

Abstract

 Stratotypes and key sections adopted as the standards of the local stratigraphic units – suites and strata – have a great scientific and practical value, play an important didactic role, can act as objects of geological tourism. Standard section is the starting point for scientific research on the additional exploration of stratigraphic unit, the refinement of the age of its constituent sediments, etc. Stratotypes and reference sections shall be preserved. Purpose of this paper is the choice of strategy for organizational and legal protection of these objects on the example of the Mountainous Crimea Mesozoic standard sections. As starting materials for the present paper the results of Geological museum department (National museum of natural history NAS of Ukraine) research on inventory and monitoring of the Mountainous Crimea Mesozoic standard sections were used. The legislative base of Ukraine in the field of environmental protection was analyzed. Also the published literature and industrial geological reports analysis was performed. Data from the cadastre of the Crimea natural-reserved fund (for the year 2011) were used. Methods of observations, modern information technologies, mapping and forecasting were applied. The analysis found no stratotypes and reference sections among territories and objects of the Crimea natural-reserved fund. Thus none of stratotypes have legal status of the nature protected object. As a result of the paper the main directions for organization of the Mountainous Crimea standard sections protection were identified. These directions can be summarized as follows: 1. To give the legal status of geological natural monument for some of the objects; it is appropriate for objects that have high state of knowledge, that are complex ones, the importance and uniqueness of which are determined by national and international importance. 2. The preservation of the sections that have a purely scientific value should be organized within the existing nature protected areas as well as these objects should be included into the areas that are only planned to be protected. 3. To preserve the objects within geoparks. Kacha and Belbek river valleys in the Mountainous Crimea are characterized as areas promising to create geoparks there. Prerequisites for geoparks establishment here are: the proximity of geoheritage to the lines of communication, human settlements, to the nature, archeology, history and culture monuments that promote the geotourism, green tourism development, as well as ecological education.Key words: stratotype, nature protected area, natural monument, geopark

Author Biography

G. V. Anfimova, National Museum of Natural History NAS of Ukraine, Kiev,
National Museum of Natural History NAS of Ukraine, Kiev,

References

Arkad’ev, V. V. 2008. Granica jury i mela v Gornom Krymu [Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary in the Mountainous Crimea]. In V.N. Staroverov (Ed.), Essays on regional geology: to the 70th anniversary of the General Geologyand Mineral Geology Departments and to the 100th anniversary of Saratov University: C ll. of Scientific papers (pp. 6-19). Saratov, Publishing Center: Nauka (in Russian).

Bilec’kyj, S. V. (Ed.), 2006. Derzhavna geologichna karta Ukrai’ny. Masshtab 1: 200000. Kryms’ka serija. Arkushi L-36-XXVIII (Jevpatorija), L-36-XXXIV (Sevastopol’). Pojasnjuval’na zapyska [State Geological map of Ukraine. Scale 1: 200,000. Crimean serіes. Sheet L-36-XXVIII (Yevpatorіya), L-36-XXXIV (Sevastopol). Explanatory note]. State Geological Survey, the State enterprise
«Pívdenekogeotsentr», UkrSGRÍ, Kyi’v (in Ukrainian). Bilec’kyj, S. V. (Ed.), 2008. Derzhavna geologichna karta Ukrai’ny. Masshtab 1: 200000. Kryms’ka serija.

Arkushi L-36-XXIX (Simferopol’), L-36-XXXV (Jalta). Pojasnjuval’na zapyska [State Geological map of Ukraine. Scale 1: 200,000. Crimean serіes. Sheet L-36- XXIX (Simferopol), L-36-XXXV (Yalta). Explanatory note]. State Geological Survey, the State enterprise «Pívdenekogeotsentr», UkrSGRÍ, Kyiv (in Ukrainian). Bokov, V. A., Yena, V. G., Rudyk, A. N., Yena, Al. V., Yena,An. V., Vatsey, YE. YE., Musyca , I. I., Yefimov, S. A., Slepokurov, A. S., Stone G., 2000. Na puti k nacional’nomu parku v Krymu [On the way to the National park in Crimea]. Tavrija-Pljus, Simferopol. (in Russian).

Derevska, K. I., Kozhenevsky, S. R., Pylypchuk, O. M., Rudenko, K. V., Shevchuk, O. M., 2013. Zhytomyrs’ke Polissja - «Legendarna krai’na» - unikal’nyj ob’jekt dlja stvorennja v Ukrai’ni pershogo geologichnogo parku [Zhytomyr Polissya - «Legendary Country» - a unique area to create in Ukraine first geological park]. Modern problems of geology: Scientific Papers to 155 anniversary of Academician Pavlo Apollonovich Tutkovsky birth. Kyiv, 343 - 345 (in Ukrainian).

Grodzyns’ky, M. D., Stecenko, M. P. (Eds.), 2003. Zapovidna sprava v Ukrai’ni: Navchal’nyj posibnyk [Wildness protection in Ukraine: Textbook]. Geografika, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Grytsenko, V. P., Ishchenko, A. A., Rusko, Yu. O., Shevchenko,
V. I., 1995. Geologichni pam’jatky pryrody Ukrai’ny: problemy vyvchennja, zberezhennja ta racional’nogo vykorystannja [Geological natural monuments of Ukraine: Problems of studying, conservation and rational use]. NAS Ukraine, National Museum of Natural History, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Guidelines and Criteria for National Geoparks seeking UNESCO’s assistance to join the GGN. (2010). Retrieved January, 31, 2016 from http://www.globalgeopark.org/ UploadFiles/2012_9_6/GGN2010.pdf
Hundred and fifty-sixth Session. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Or-ganization: Executive Board. (1999). UNESCO Geoparks Programme – a new initiative to promote a global network of geoparks safeguarding and developing selected areas having significant geological features. Retrieved August 31, 2013, from http://unesdoc. unesco.org/images/0011/001151/115177e.pdf.

Manyuk, V., 2006.The problem of creation of Network National Geoparks in Ukraine. Retrieved January, 31, 2016 from http://manuk-geo.ucoz.ua/load /moji_statti / the_problem_ of_creation_of_network_national_geoparks_ in_ukraine/2-1-0-58.

Manyuk, V. 2007. The problem of creation of Network National Geoparks in Ukraine. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University, Series: geology, geography. Dnepropetrovsk, 17 (1), 63-67.

Manyuk, V. 2007. Geologіchnі pam’jatki Krimu, jak viznachal’nij komponent navkolishn’ogo prirodnogo seredovishha. [Geological monuments of the Crimea as a defining component of the environment.] Environmental problems, sustainable development and technological security regions: materials of the Fourth International scientific conference. Dnipropetrovsk, 134-136 (in Ukrainian).

Manyuk, V. 2008. Geologіchnі pam’jatki prirodi Krimu, jak odna z viznachal’nih skladovih u stvorennі nacіonal’noї ekologіchnoї merezhі Ukraїni. [The geological nature monument of Crimea as one of the key components in creating a national ecological network in Ukraine]. Globalization processes in nature: Proceedings of the conference. Alushta, SPC «Environment, Science, Technology», 65-66 (in Ukrainian).
Manyuk, V. 2010. K voprosu o monitoringe geologicheskogo nasledija Kryma. [To the question of the monitoring of the geological heritage of the Crimea]. MSUN, VII Scientific Readings dedicated to the memory of Professor MV Muratov. Moscow, 83-86 (in Russian).

Manyuk, V. 2012. Unikal’nye ob’ekty geologicheskogo nasledija (geosajty) i geologicheskie prak-tiki. [Unique objects of geological heritage (geosites) and geological practice]. Proceedings of the IV International Conference. Crimea, Trudolyubivka. Simferopol, DIAYPI, 192 - 194 (in Russian).

Manyuk, V. 2013. Stratotypovi rozrizy Krymu, jak ob’jekty geologichnoi’ spadshhyny. [Stratotype sections of Crimea as the objects of geological heritage]. «From mineralogy to geochemistry»: Coll. scientific works dedicated to the 130th anniversary of the birth of Academician Alexander Fersman. Кyiv, 446- 453 (in Ukrainian).
Manyuk, V. 2014. Dosvid vyvchennja i vykorystannja geoturystychnyh ob’jektiv Seredn’ogo Prydniprov’ja. [The experience of learning and using objects of geotouristic of Middle Dnieper]. Geotourism: practice and experience. Proceedings of the International Confer-ence. Eds. LZ Skakun, IN Bubniak. Lviv, SPC «Maps and atlases» 99-102 (in Ukrainian).

Shnyukov, Ye. F. (Ed.), 1984. Geologija shel’fa USSR. Stratigrafija [Geology of the UkrSSR shelf. Stratigraphy]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Russian).

Sorokina, G. O., 2006. Geosajty Lugans’koi’ oblasti: i’h racional’ne vykorystannja ta ohorona [Geosites of Luhansk Region: their rational use and protection] (Thesis abstract for Candidate Degree in Geography Sciences). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Tseysler, V. M., Karaulov, V. B., Turov, A. V., Komarov, V. N., 1999. O mestnyh stratigraficheskih podrazdelenijah

v vostochnoj chasti Bahchisarajskogo rajona Kryma [About the local stratigraphic units in the eastern part of Bakhchisaray region of the Crimea]. News of HEE. Geology and exploration. 6, 8-18 (in Russian).
Zakon Ukrai’ny: Pro pryrodno-zapovidnyj fond Ukrai’ny [Law of Ukraine: About Nature Reserve Fund of Ukraine], 1992. Statements of Verkhovna Rada, 34, st. 502 (in Ukrainian).

Zinko V., Shevchuk О., 2011. Proektovani geoparky Zahidnoi’ Ukrai’ny [Projected geoparks of the Western Ukraine]. Physical geography and geomorphology Interdepartmental
scientific collection. 3 (64), 41-56 (in Ukrainian).
Published
2016-05-31
How to Cite
Anfimova, G. (2016). Organizational and legal aspects of the standard geological sections conservation. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 24(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111601